Russian olive

Eleagnus angustifolia



Russian olive is am introduced, fast growing, medium sized tree that grows to be 10 to 25 feet tall. Its trunk and branches are armed with 1 to 2 inch long thorns and are usually reddish brown.

Its leaves are narrow and silvery with minute scales. They are 2 to 3 inches long. Russian olive's flowers are yellow and clustered. The fruits are shaped like small olives and are silvery upon first formation, but they will mature to a tan or brown color.


Russian olive is often used as an ornamental tree but will often invade low-lying pastures, fields, or waterways where it can become a serious weed problem.