Table 1. Outstanding Grasses for Texas.

Plant Adaptation Map

Region 1 - East Texas (Texarkana, Houston, Tyler, Beaumont, Nacagdoches)

Region 2 - South Texas (Corpus Christi, Brownsville, Laredo, Del Rio)

Region 3 - Central Texas (Austin, Waco, College Station, San Antonio)

Region 4 - North Central Texas (Dallas, Ft. Worth, Denton, Wichita Falls)

Region 5 - Panhandle (Amarillo)

Region 6 - West Texas (El Paso, Lubbock, San Angelo, Midland, Abilene)

Note - Plants with number 7 are adaptable to most areas of Texas.

Common nameScientific nameBest adapted forNotes
BermudagrassCynodon dactylon
Good drought tolerance; produces dense turf; poor shade tolerance; seed or sod
Buffalograss1Buchloe dactyloides
3, 4, 5, 6
Excellent drought tolerance; produces thin turf; poor shade tolerance; seeded
CarpetgrassAxonopus affinis
Adapted to moist sites; tolerates partial shade; many seedheads; thin turf; seed
CentipedegrassEremochloa ophiuroides
Low maintenance; tolerates partial shade; drought tolerant; seed or sod
St. Augustinegrass Stenotaphrum secundatum
1, 2, 3, 4
Produces dense turf; good shade tolerance; poor drought tolerance; sodded
Tall fescueFestuca arundinacea
4, 5
Under irrigation, remains green year-round; good shade tolerance; poor drought tolerance; seeded
ZoysiagrassZoysia spp.
Produces dense turf; good shade tolerance; good drought tolerance; sodded; varieties: Meyer and Emerald

1 Texas native