Table 1. Characteristics of common Texas citrus varieties.

VarietyTree sizeFruit sizeSeediness1Rind colorSeasonCold hardinessComments
Oranges2
Navellargelarge0-6light yellow-orangeOct-Decgoodlow production
Marrslargemedium0-6yellow-orangeOct-Janfair
Pineapplelargemediumseedyyellow-orangeNov-Febfair
Hamlinlargemedium0-6yellow-orangeOct-Janfair
Valencialargemedium0-6orange-yellowMar-Junfair
Grapefruit3
Marshv. largev. large0-6light yellowOct-Mayfairwhite flesh
Ruby Redv. largev. large0-6yellow, red blushOct-Mayfairtypical red flesh
Henderson/Rayv. largev. large0-6light yellow, red blushOct-Mayfairredder than Ruby Red
Rio Redv. largev. large0-6light yellow, red blushOct-Mayfairdark red flesh
Star Rubyv. largev. large0-9yellow, red tingeOct-Mayfairdeep red flesh
Mandarins and tangelos4
Satsuma, Owarimediumsmall0-4orange-redOct-Decv. goodArmstrong and Kimbrough varieties
Clementine tangerinemediumsmallseedydark orange-redOct-Decv. goodneeds pollinizer5
Dancy tangerinemediumsmallseedydark orange-redNov-Janv. good
Changsha tangerinemediumsmallseedyorangeOct-Janv. goodcomes true from seed
Orlando tangelomediummediumseedylight orangeNov-Jangoodneeds pollinizer5
Minneola tangelomediumlargefewred-orangeDec-Jangoodneeds pollinizer5
Acid citrus4
Calamondinsmallv. small3-7orange-yellowJan-Decgoodso-called miniature orange
Mexican limemediumsmall3-9greenish-yellowJan-Decpoorthorny and thornless types
Tahiti limemediummedium0-6greenish-yellowJan-DecpoorPersian lime
Nagami kumquatsmallv. small2-5orangeOct-Marv. goodoval, tart
Meiwa kumquatsmallv. small1-3orangeOct-Marv. goodround, sweet
Meyer lemonsmallmediumfewlemon yellowAug-Marfairnot a true lemon
Ponderosa lemonmediumv.largeseedylemon yellowJan-Decpoor
Lemon, Eurekamediummedium0-6lemon yellowJul-MarpoorLisbon and Villafranca varieties
Limequatsmallv.smallfewyellowJan-DecgoodEustis variety

1 Varieties having 0-9 seeds per fruit are considered seedless.
2 Other oranges include Jaffa and blood oranges (which may or may not produce blood-color in the flesh). Numerous navel orange varieties include Washington, N33E, Texas, Everhard, Thompson and others.
3 Another grapefruit is Duncan, which is seedy and white fleshed.
4 Other mandarins include Robinson tangerine, Fortune tangerine, Ponkan (Chinese Honey Orange or Warnurco), Bower, Fairchild and Murcott Honey Orange.
5 Clementine, Orlando, Marrs and Robinson are good pollinizers.


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