Hickory cultivars

A Cultivar List for Hickory.

L. J. Grauke, Curator
National Clonal Germplasm Repository for Carya
Rt 2 Box 133
Somerville, TX 77879

The following is a list of hickory cultivars based on the list of cultivar names published by Milde et al (1983). That list provides an index of references to hickory cultivars and species found in volumes 1 (1910) to 66 (1975) of Northern Nut Growers Association (NNGA) Annual Reports. The present list provides information on the origin of the hickory cultivars which can be gleaned from those and other key references. If the information is available, the citation offers the accepted cultivar name (with less acceptable synonyms in parentheses), the species name, date of first public notice, name of the discoverer, location of the original tree, and relevant evaluation data.
As in the list of Milde et al (1983), references to articles published in the NNGA Annual Report are referenced by NNGA volume and page, rather than by author and year. Several hickory cultivars have been officially documented in the "Register of new fruit and nut varieties" serial lists published at intervals by the American Society for Horticultural Science. Those publications are referenced in the text by list number to facilitate access; eg. list 16= Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1961 (see References).
Careful study of the information reveals disagreement among authors concerning the species which some cultivars represent. In situations where one author is a recognized authority on the genus, that authority is followed. In some cases, levels of taxonomic nomenclature may be confused, as in the case of 'Buckley' and 'Carolina'; those names are the common names used to refer to species of hickory, rather than cultivar names referring to a particular clone. In some instances, cultivar names are attached to type trees which also establish other levels of taxonomic nomenclature; 'Nussbaumer', 'Laney' and 'Schneck' each refer to particular clones which were used as type trees in establishing the names (C. X nussbaumeri, C. X laneyi, C. X schneckii) for entire classes of interspecific hybrids.
This list will function as a base of information from which a collection of historically and/or genetically valuable hickory germplasm will be targeted for inclusion in the National Clonal Germplasm Repository for Carya (NCGR­Carya). As the collection increases, including herbarium voucher specimens, so will the accuracy of this information.
The list of Carya species recognized by the NCGR­Carya, with the accepted common name for that species, is given in Table 1.

Table 1. North American Carya taxa recognized by the NCGR­Carya, listed alphabetically within section.

Section Apocarya
C. aquatica (F. Michx.) Nutt. Water hickory
C. cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch. Bitternut hickory
C. illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch. Pecan*
C. myristiciformis (F. Michx.) Nutt. Nutmeg hickory
C. palmeri Manning. Mexican hickory

Section Carya
C. carolinae ­ septentrionalis (Ashe) Engl. & Graebn.
Southern shagbark hickory
C. floridana Sarg. Scrub hickory
C. glabra (Mill.) Sweet. Pignut hickory
C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon. Shellbark hickory
C. ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg. Red hickory
C. ovata (Mill.) K. Koch. Shagbark hickory
C. pallida (Ashe) Engl. & Graebn. Sand hickory
C. texana Buckley. Black hickory
C. tomentosa (Poir.) Nutt. Mockernut hickory

Interspecific Hybrids **
C. X brownii (C. cordiformis X C. illinoinensis) Sarg.
C. X collina (C. texana X C. tomentosa) Laughlin
C. X demareei (C. cordiformis X C. ovalis) Palmer
C. X dunbarii (C. laciniosa X C. ovata) Sarg.
C. X laneyi (C. cordiformis X C. ovata) Sarg.
C. X lecontei (C. aquatica X C. illinoinensis) Little
C. X ludoviciana (C. aquatica X C. texana) (Ashe) Little *** C. X nussbaumeri (C. illinoinensis X C. laciniosa) Sarg.
C. X schneckii (C. illinoinensis X C. tomentosa) Sarg. ***
C. illinoinensis X C. ovata
* The name for pecan is based on Wangenheim's original spelling, consistent with the ruling of the XIVth International Botanical Congress, Berlin, July 1987 (See Nicolson 1988).

** Hybrids listed are either commonly accepted, but lacking nomenclatural status (eg. C. illinoinensis X C. ovata), or those which have nomenclatural status, albeit disputed. Other hybrid combinations have been described without validly published names. In this table, as well as in the text, the order of listing parents does not imply the direction of the cross, unless explicitly stated.

*** parentage disputed


Aber. C. texana (named as C. ovalis). 1946. Edwin A Aber, Jacksonville (Cherokee Co.) TX; (list 9, NNGA 36:67­69 (photo), Fisher 1964).
Abscoda (Abscota in McDaniels 1979). C. ovata. 1944. Harry Burgart, Union City, MI (list 22, NNGA 46:49­50).

Abundance. C. X dunbarii. 1947. Fayette Etter, Franklin Co. PA (list 16, NNGA 64:16 as C. laciniosa, NNGA 65:72, 66:147, 78:36 as C. ovata).

Adelhurst. C. ovata. 1935. Henry C. Beeman, New Milford, CT. superior cracking quality (list 13, NNGA 29:37,38).

Ancaster. C. ovata. 1936. J. H. Corsan, Echo Valley, Ont. Can. (NNGA 27:22).

Anthony (Anthony #1). C. ovata (or X laneyi). 1932. A. B. Anthony, Sterling, IL. 42.3% kernel, 74 nuts/lb (NNGA 25:98) Good size, high quality (NNGA 78:33). (list 13, NNGA 25:42, NNGA 65:51 as X laneyi) Several other numbered 'Anthony' trees exist.

Arkansas= C. texana Buckley var. arkansana. Mistaken for cultivar name in NNGA index to hickory cultivars. Taxonomic "varieties" can reproduce key features sexually, while "cultivars" ( "cultivated varieties") are only maintained through asexual propagation, by grafting, budding etc. To maintain this useful distinction, the term "cultivar" should be used to refer to our grafted plants.

Baress. C. X nussbaumeri. 1953. Wm Schmisseur, "Bar S" ranch, Freeburg, IL, intro. by Louis Gerardi Nursery (list 15).

Barnaby. C. ovata. 1906. C. Barnaby, Middleton, MA. Discovered by Robert Morris. (NNGA 29:37).

Barnes. C. ovata X C. tomentosa. 1915. Howard G Barnes, Fayetteville, OH. Graft compatible with C. tomentosa (NNGA 15:49). (NNGA 22:54,NNGA 23:23,NNGA 29:37­38, NNGA 60:101 (photo), Fisher 1964).

Bates. C. X schneckii. ca. 1934. R. Bates, Jackson, SC. (NNGA 23:23).

Beam. C. X dunbarii. ca 1915. E. C. Beam, Mt. Oreb, OH. 50% kernel (NNGA 22:54).

Beaver. C. X laneyi. 1916. G. E. Beaver, Millersville, PA protandrous (NNGA 47:130), 50.3 % kernel (NNGA 22:54)(Sargent 1918, NNGA 23:23, NNGA 29:37­38, NNGA 47:130).

Beeman. C. ovata. 1935. Discovered about 1931 as a result of contest sponsored by Robert Morris. Named for H. C. Beeman New Milford, CT by W. C. Deming (list 13, NNGA 27:22).

Benham. C. ovata. 1907. M. Benham, New Haven, CT. Discovered by Robert Morris. Obsolete in 1938 (NNGA 29:37).

Benthien. C. ovata. 1929. Mrs. John Benthien, Wheatland, IA (NNGA 26:76).

Berger. C. lacinosa. 1934. Russell Berger, Cove Gap, Franklin Co., PA. (thought by some to be mockernut) (MacDaniels 1979, NNGA 27:22).

Bergman. C. X nussbaumeri. IL (McDaniels, 1979).

Billeau (Billau). C. ovata. Linn Co., IA (NNGA 17:51, NNGA 60:51).

Bixby. C. X nussbaumeri. ca. 1930. J. F. Wilkinson of Rockport, IN. Named in honor of W. G. Bixby (NNGA 25:122). J.F.W. received wood from Bixby but the source of the wood is unknown (NNGA 30:98). 25 nuts/lb, protogynous, possibly synonymous with 'Nussbaumer' (NNGA 50:22).

Blatchley. C. ovata. 1905. H. W. Beeman, New Milford, CT. Found in 2nd contest sponsored by Robert Morris (NNGA 29:37).

Bontrager. C. ovata. 1929. Mrs. John Bontrager, Middlebury, IN (NNGA 26:76).

Book. C. ovata. 1937. Gilbert Becker, Climax MI (NNGA 31:184).

Bower. C. ovata. (MacDaniels 1979).

Bowman. C. laciniosa. 1931. Jim D. Bowman, Norborne, MO (NNGA 26:76, MacDaniels 1979).

Brackett. C.X laneyi 1890. Col. G. B. Brackett, Denmark (Lee Co.), IA. Named as C. glabra, but figured with lacunae. Thin shelled, sweet, plump kernel (USDA logbook (1890), Heiges 1896 (drawings)).

Bradley. C. laciniosa. 1932. Fayette Etter, Franklin Co., PA (list 16, MacDaniels 1979 (promising), NNGA 65:72).
Brewster. C. X nussbaumeri. W. F. Thielenhaus, Fredonia, KS (NNGA 50:25­27).

Bridgewater (Brookfield). C. X laneyi. 1935. W. H. Beeman, New Preston, CT (NNGA 15:116, NNGA 29:37,38 (syn) NNGA 41:123, MacDaniels 1979).

Brill. C. ovata. ca. 1930. Propagated by W. C. Deming, Westchester, New York City. Little known (NNGA 27:24, Weschcke 1953).


Brooks. C. ovata. 1924. F. D. Brooks, French Creek, WV. (NNGA 15:113, NNGA 26:76, Fisher 1964).

Buckley= C. texana Buckley. Mistaken for cultivar name in NNGA index of hickory cultivars. The interesting synonymy of this species, which includes the name C. buckleyi Durand, has been reviewed by Little (1943).

Buehring. C. ovata. 1934. H. A. Buehring, Oshkosh, WI (NNGA 29:37.38).

Burlington. C. X nussbaumeri. 1915. Discovered near Burlington, IA, by J. F. Jones (NNGA 10:47, NNGA 26:76, NNGA 35:105,107,108 (photos), list 15 (as C. ovata X C. illinoinensis), MacDaniels 1979).
Burton. C. illinoinensis X C. ovata. 1880. Emmett Burton, Utica, KY, one of first hickory clones to be propagated (NNGA 26:76, NNGA 45:71, list 30, MacDaniels 1979).

CES 1. C. laciniosa. 1955. R. Douglas Campbell, from mixed stand of shell­ and shagbark near Tilbury, Ont., Can. (NNGA 78:36, R. D. Campbell pers. com.).

CES 8. C. ovata. 1972. R. Douglas Campbell, from mixed stand of shell­ and shagbark near Sarnia, Ont., Can. Excellant cracker (NNGA 78:36, R. D. Campbell pers. com.).

CES 24. C. laciniosa. 1972. R. Douglas Campbell, from mixed stand of shell­ and shagbark near Sarnia, Ont., Can. Fine flavor, large nut, 40 % kernel, productive, precocious (4­5 yr) on pecan root (NNGA 78:36, R. D. Campbell pers. com.).

CES 26. C. ovata. 1972. R. Douglas Campbell, from mixed stand of shell­ and shagbark near Sarnia, Ont., Can. Early mat. (Sept 1) large nut, good cracking (NNGA 78:36, R. D. Campbell pers. com.).

Caldwell. C. laciniosa. In USDA collection, Beltsville (NNGA 35:116).

Calico. C. laciniosa (hybrid?). 1976. W. S. Totten, Alexis Illinois. (NNGA 67:69­70).

Camp # 2. C. ovata. ca. 1938. (NNGA 41:122, Weschcke 1954).

Carolina= C. carolinae­septentrionalis (Ashe) Engler & Graebner. Mistaken for cultivar name in NNGA index of hickory cultivars.

Carrolton. "sweet hickory X pecan". ca. 1910. H. E. Van Deman, tree from MO (Thompson & Young 1985).

Cedar Rapids. C. ovata. 1915. S. W. Snyder, Cedar Rapids, IA (NNGA 23:115­117, NNGA 26:76, NNGA 30:55­57, NNGA 48:62,64,65, MacDaniels 1979, Fisher 1964).

Chanute. C. X nussbaumeri. 1976. W. F. Thielenhaus, possibly named for Chanute, KS. Entered in KS Nut Improvement Show, 31.8% kernel, 41.3 nuts/lb. (Thompson & Young 1985, NNGA 56:117).

Clark. C. ovata. 1918. Eugene Clark, Ludlow, MA (NNGA 22:54,92, NNGA 25:71, NNGA 29:37, MacDaniels 1979).

Clarksville (Rockville? see NNGA 45:69). C. X nussbaumeri. 1936. A. L. Norton, Clarksville MO (list 14).

Cline. C. ovata. 1929. Snyder Bros., Center Point, IA (NNGA 26:76). Pecan of same name (Thompson & Young 1985).

Coleman. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs. Thomas Coleman, Saltsbury, PA. 3rd prize NNGA (NNGA 26:76, NNGA 60:50­51).

Comins. C. ovata. 1929. Nancy E. Comins, Amherst, MA (NNGA 25:99).

Cook. C. ovata. ca. 1914. W. F. Cook, Moscow, KY. Intro. by R. T. Morris, Stamford, CT (NNGA 5:26, NNGA 15:117, NNGA 22:92, NNGA 25:71).

Conover. C. ovata. 1905. E. J. Conover, Randall, NY. Obsolete 1938 (NNGA 29:37).

Cotton. C. ovata. 1926. H. Cotton, Madison, IN (NNGA 26:76).

Cranz (Crantz). C. ovata. 1934. Eugene F. Cranz, Ira OH (NNGA 26:76, list 17).

Creager. C. X laneyi. 1925. W.O. Creager, Sumner, IA. Introduced by D. C. Snyder. 149 nuts/lb, 39.0 % kernel (NNGA 25:99, list 12). No pollen (Weschcke 1953, p.58).

Croston. C. laciniosa. 1934. Elsworth Croston, Cecil, WV (NNGA 26:76).

Curtis. C. ovata. 1892. A. J. Coe, Meriden CT (Heiges 1896, USDA logbook (1892)).

Davis. C. ovata. 1934. Dewitt Davis, Dover Plains, N.Y. Promising (MacDaniels 1979). (NNGA 29:37,39, Fisher 1964).

De Acer (Deacer, White). C. X laneyi. 1950. Linn Co. Nurseries, Center Point, IA. Protogynous (NNGA 47:122) Not recommended, weevils (NNGA 73:47, NNGA 76:34). (list 20, MacDaniels 1979).

Dennis. C. ovata. 1915. A. B Dennis, Cedar Rapids, IA. Introduced by Snyder Brothers, Center Point, IA (NNGA 11:96, NNGA 25:99, NNGA 26:76, NNGA 60:51, Fisher 1964).

Des Moines. C. X nussbaumeri. 1924. Tree from Burlington, IA near Des Moines River. Introduced by Snyder Brothers, Center Point, IA (NNGA 26:76, NNGA 45:71, list 15, MacDaniels 1979). Dropped, light bearing (NNGA 35:111).

Deveaux. C. ovata. ca. 1936. Carl Weschcke, St. Paul, MN (NNGA 37:48, NNGA 55:60, Weschcke 1953).

Dietz. Unknown. 1967. Winner of 1967 contest. (NNGA 61:34, NNGA 73:46).

Dintelman (Dintleman). C. X nussbaumeri. 1922. L. F. Dintelman, Bellville, IL (possibly C. cordiformis X C. laciniosa, NNGA 47:130, MacDaniels 1979). (NNGA 26:76, NNGA 45:71).

Dooley Seedling. (C. illinoinensis X C. ovata) X ?. Seedling of 'Burton'. (NNGA 78:36).

Doolittle. C. ovata. 1926. Named for owner by S. W. Snyder, Center Point, IA (NNGA 17:120,121).

Dover. C. ovata. 1893. Andrew Stough, Dover PA. Slight astringency (USDA logbook (1893), Heiges 1896).

Dreppard (Dupperd). C. laciniosa. 1934. Mrs. Blake Dreppard, Roanoke, WV. (NNGA 26:59, 76).

Drew. C. ovata. 1916. Arthur Drew, Howell MI. Original tree on Lyman Beach farm (NNGA 25:100).

Droska. C. tomentosa. 1929. Droska, Pierce City, MO (NNGA 26:76).


Eliot (Elliott). C. ovata. 1892. Whitney Eliot, North Haven, CT. Introduced by A. J. Coe, Meriden, CT (USDA logbook (1892), Heiges 1896, NNGA 60:50,51).

Emerick. C. ovata. 1932. Miss Etta Emerick, West Camp, NY (NNGA 29,37).

Enfield. C. ovata. 193?. Enfield St. Park, Ithaca, NY (NNGA 29,37).

Engeman (Missouri Giant). C. laciniosa. 1934. Henry Engeman, Montrose, MO (NNGA 26:76, NNGA 26:63).

Etter (Several numbers). C. laciniosa. Fayette Etters, Franklin Co. PA. Not associated with a specific clone (NNGA 49:87).

Eureka. C. laciniosa. 1926. Mrs August Schwartz, Burlington, IA. Recommmended for aesthetics; red color at leaf burst (NNGA 76:34). (NNGA 26:76 as C. ovata, MacDaniels 1979).

Eversman. C. laciniosa. 1924. Snyder Brothers, Center Point IA (NNGA 26:76).

Fairbanks. C. X laneyi. 1910. C. A. Fairbanks, Anamosa, IA. Discovered by Dr. A. B. Dennis. Introduced by S. W. Snyder, Linn Co. Nurseries, Center Point IA. Low palatability (NNGA 25:100) 48 % kernel (NNGA 22:54) (NNGA 29:37, list 20, MacDaniels 1979).

Favorite. C. laciniosa. IA (MacDaniels 1979).

Fayette. C. laciniosa. 1932. Fayette Etter, Franklin Co., PA 38.2 nuts/lb, 34.4 % kernel, easiest cracking shellbark (NNGA 65:72). Qualified recommendations (NNGA 74:77, NNGA 76:34). Promising (MacDaniels 1979). (list 16).
Felger. C. ovata. Emmet Yoder, Smithville, Ohio. Low production (NNGA 73:46). Late to bear (NNGA 76:32).

Floyd=McCallister. C. X nussbaumeri. ca. 1890. R. M. Floyd, Cedar Rapids, IA. (USDA logbook (1890), Fuller 1896).
Fluhr. C. X dunbarii. 1931. Edgar Fluhr, Kiel, WI (NNGA 25:72, NNGA 32:53).

Folts. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs C. Folts, Locke, NY (NNGA 29:37).

Fox. C. ovata. ca. 1934. Roland Fox, Fonda NY from tree in Mohawk River Valley. Early ripening. NNGA 1st. Promising (MacDaniels 1979). (NNGA 29:37, list 12).

Freel. C. ovata. 1929. Mrs. Freel, Pleasantville, IA (NNGA 25:72).

Froman. C. ovata. 1929. Arlie Froman, Bacon, IN (NNGA 25:72).

Galloway. C. X brownii. 1874. S. Galloway, Bene Ash, OH (Trelease 1896 (drawings), Sargent 1918, NNGA 45:71).

Gerardi (Girardi). C. X nussbaumeri. 1931. J. G. Duis, New Memphis, IL (NNGA 35:105,108 (photos), MacDaniels 1979, list 9)

Glover. C. ovata. 1918. Jas. Glover, Shelton, CT. Promising (MacDaniels 1979). (NNGA 29:37, Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979).

Gobble. C. ovata. 1919. Wm Gobble, Holsten, VA (NNGA 22:54, Fisher 1964).

Goheen. C. ovata. 1926. Martha Goheen, Pennsylvannia Furnace, PA (NNGA 26:76, NNGA 29:37, list 17).

Grainger (Granger). C. carolinae­septentrionalis. 1934. Introduced by John W. Hershey, Dowingtown, PA. Orig. on farm of J. N. Stapleton, Washburn, Grainger Co., TN. Promising (MacDaniels 1979). (NNGA 27:25, list 20 as "shagbark hickory", NNGA 74:77, NNGA 76:32).

Green (Greene). C. ovalis. 1929. Steve Green, Battle Creek, MI (NNGA 29:37, Millikan 1965).

Greenbay (Green Bay). C. X nussbaumeri. pre 1919. Tree near Burlington, IA (NNGA 10:47,49 (photo), MacDaniels 1979).

Griffin. C. ovata. 1919. W. P. Griffin, Creal Springs, IL (NNGA 10:151, NNGA 25:73, NNGA 41:123).

Guilford. C. carolinae­septentrionalis. 1945. Robt. Dunstan, named for Rev. War Battlefield near mother tree (NNGA 36:93).

Hadley. C. ovata. 1934. George G. Hadley, Leominster MA (NNGA 29:37, list 20)

Hagen. C. ovata. 1929. Mrs. C. E. Hagen, Guttenberg, IA (NNGA 26:76, Fisher 1964).

Hales. (Hales Papershell). C. ovata. ca 1870. Henry Hales, Ridgewood, N.J. First cultivar of C. ovata (Heiges 1896, NNGA 2:85).

Halesite. C. cordiformis. 1918. W. G. Bixby, Baldwin NY. Thinnest shelled hickory (NNGA 22:54) 69 % kernel (NNGA 10:162).

Hand. C. ovata. 1924. Center Point, IA (NNGA 17:52, Fisher 1964).

Harman. C. ovata. ca. 1939. (NNGA 41:123, Weschcke 1953).

Harold (Herold). C. ovata. WS. Promising (MacDaniels 1979) Protandrous (NNGA 47:130). Grafts readily on pecan, bitternut or shagbark (NNGA 78:32).

Hasbrouck. C. ovata. 1935. W. Hasbrouck, New Palz, NY (NNGA 29:37).

Haskell. C. ovata. 1934. Robert Haskell, Norwalk, OH (NNGA 26:76).

Hatch. C. cordiformis. 1919. R. C. Hatch, Central City, IA 65 % kernel (NNGA 10:162) (NNGA 10:152, Fisher 1964).

Haviland. C. ovata. 1934. Bion T. Forse, Simcoe, Ont., Can. Orig. on farm of Ira Haviland, Waterford, Ont., Can (list 20, NNGA 28:138 (as C. laciniosa), NNGA 35:117).

Hefty. C. ovata. 1934. Thomas C. Hefty, Evansville, WI (NNGA 29:37, list 13).

Heibner. C. ovata. 1930. Harvey Heibner, Danville IA (NNGA 26:76, list 13).

Heisey. C. ovata. (NNGA 73:46, NNGA 76:32).

Helmuth. C. ovata. Nappanee, Ind. Poor rating (NNGA 48:62, NNGA 35:117, Fisher 1964).

Henke (Hencke,Hinke?). C. ovata X C. illinoinensis. 1932. Mr. Henke, southern IA. Shy bearer, will not ripen in MI (NNGA 65:50,51) Early (NNGA 78:32). (list 20, MacDaniels 1979).

Henry. C. laciniosa. Fayette Etter, Franklin Co., PA (NNGA 65:67,72, NNGA 67:70, NNGA 74:77, MacDaniels 1979 , Millikan 1965). Rec. for far north by R. D. Campbell (pers. com.)

Hevener #4. C. ovata. 1934. H. S. Hevener. Middleton, NY (NNGA 29:37).

Hill. C. laciniosa. 1924. Des Moine Co., IA (NNGA 17:52, MacDaniels 1979, Millikan 1965).

Hilton. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs. R. H. Hilton, Pulaski, NY (NNGA 29:37).

Hines. C. ovata. 1935. Geo. W. Hines, Slippery Rock, PA (NNGA 41:121, NNGA 48:62 (no yield), Fisher 1964).

Hoffeditz. C. laciniosa. 1930. Fayette Etter, Franklin Co., PA (NNGA 65:67,72, list 16, MacDaniels 1979).

Holden. C. ovata. 1970. Hudson, OH. Discovered by Homer L. Jacobs, introduced by Peter Hyypio, named for Holden Arboretum. Ornamental, with drooping branches on a pronounced central leader. (NNGA 61:98­100).

Huber. C. ovata. 1929. Ferdinand Huber, Cochran, WI (NNGA 29:37, Fisher 1964).

Huen. C. ovata. 1934. E. F. Huen, Eldora, IA (NNGA 26:76).

Huff. C. ovalis. 1929. L. S. Huff. White Pigeon, MI (NNGA 29:37, Millikan 1965).

Huss. C. ovata. (NNGA 35:114, Fisher 1964).

Ideal. C. ovata. 1892. George J. Streator, Garrettsville, OH (USDA logbook (1892), Heiges 1896).

Independence. C. ovata. 1930. Iowa tree owned by Geisel, named by W. S. Snyder (NNGA 21:15, NNGA 60:51).

Iowa. C. ovata (or C. laciniosa). ca 1924. Des Moines, IA (NNGA 17:52, NNGA 60:51,101 (photo), Fisher 1964).
Isham. C. ovata. 1905. MA (NNGA 29:37).

Jackson. C. ovata. 1891. J. F. Rice, Berlin Cross Roads, OH (USDA logbook (1891), Heiges 1896 (drawings)).

James. C. X nussbaumeri. 1977. George James, Brunswick MO (NNGA 68:102).
Jay Underwood (Underwood). C. X brownii X C. laciniosa. 1956. Jay S. Underwood, tree from Ft. Scott KS. Intro. Louis Gerardi Nursery (NNGA 45:71, list 19).

Joliffe (Jolliffe in list 13, Joliffee in MacDaniels).C. ovata (C. laciniosa in list 13). 1933. George C. Joliffe, Uffington, WV (NNGA 26:76, list 13, MacDaniels 1979).

Kentucky. C. ovata var pubescens (called C. tomentosa in NNGA 17:52, NNGA 23:23, NNGA 25:73) Meeting Creek, Ky. (NNGA 15:116, NNGA 47:130,139, Fisher 1964).

Keystone. C. laciniosa. 1955. Fayette Etter, Franklin Co., PA (best shelling)(list 16).

Kirtland. C. ovata. 1898. H. S. Kirtland, Yalesville, CT (NNGA 29:37, NNGA 60:101 (photo), Fisher 1964, Millikan 1965).

Klein (Kline). C. X nussbaumeri. ca 1915. 22 g/nut (NNGA 10:158).

Koon (see Wright). Urbana, IL (Fisher 1964).

Lake. C. ovata. 1929. Mrs. C. Lake, New Haven, IN (NNGA 26:76, NNGA 60:51, Fisher 1964).

Lamoni. C. laciniosa. Named for Iowa town? IA (MacDaniels 1979).

Landis (Redcay, Snyder). C. laciniosa. 1933. Tree propagated by Snyder and called Snyder Hickory (NNGA 15:109). Also known as Redcay (Redclay in Millikan 1965)(NNGA 26:20, NNGA 32:52).

Laney = C. X laneyi. 1913. Hybrids of cross C. ovata X C. cordiformis were named C. X laneyi by Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2:196. The type tree is in Riverside Cemetery, Rochester, NY, and is called Laney in some articles (NNGA 6:74, NNGA 22:54, NNGA 25:101, NNGA 39:192).
Last. C. ovata. 1934. E. F. Huen, Eldora, IA. Orig. on Last Farm, Steamboat Rock, Hardin Co., IA (NNGA 26:62, list 20).

Lawyer (Lawson). C. ovata. 1934. Donald Lawyer, Dorloo, NY (NNGA 26:102, NNGA 29:37).

Leach. C. ovata. 1934. Leonard Leach, Winchester, OH (NNGA 26:77, NNGA 37:95).

Leaming. C. ovata. 1891. Rush G. Leaming, Sedalia, MO (USDA logbook (1891), Heiges 1896).

Leavenworth. C. ovata. Kansas hickory named for Leavenworth Co., used as pollen source by W. F. Thielenhaus for hybridizing with pecan (NNGA 66:42).

LeFevre. C. laciniosa. 1912. J. G. Rush, West Willow, PA (NNGA 3:120, NNGA 4:74, NNGA 6:75 (as C. ovata).

Leonard. C. ovata. 1907. S. W. Leonard, Middleton, NY. Introduced by Robert Morris, Stamford, CT. Parent tree cut down about 1937 (NNGA 15:120, NNGA 29:37, NNGA 37:48).

Lingenfelter. C. ovata. Disc. 1925, intro. 1943. Jesse B. Lingenfelter, Blair Co., PA. NNGA sel. (NNGA 19:103, NNGA 60:101 (photo), Fisher 1964, list 22).
Livingston #2. C. ovata. 1935. Gerald Loomis, Bloomington, NY (NNGA 26:62).

Loomis. C. ovata. 1934. F. D. Loomis, Bloomington, NY (NNGA 29:37).

Mall. C. X brownii. 1935. F. A. Mall, Lamoni, IA (NNGA 26:63).

Mambert. C. ovata. 1905. F. W. Mambert, Columbia Co., NY. Thin shell, brittle (NNGA 29:37).

Manahan. C. ovata. Joseph Moser, Savillasville, MD (NNGA 22:92, Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979).

Mann. C. ovata. 1932. Mrs. Rae D. Mann, Davison, MI. 75 nuts/lb, 47 % kernel (NNGA 25:101) (NNGA 25:123, Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979).

Marquardt. C. X nussbaumeri. 1916. Tree from near Burlington, IA, confused with 'Burlington' (NNGA 10:44­53, MacDaniels 1979). Mother tree destroyed (NNGA 22:179). Weschcke claims to have it (NNGA 42:49).
McCallister (McAlester, McAllister, Mt. Vernon, Floyd, Washington). C. X nussbaumeri. 1890 (as Floyd). O. L. McCallister, Mt. Vernon, IN (USDA logbook (1890, 1892), Heiges 1896 (drawings), Sargent 1918). Large , poor fill.

McLaughlin. C. ovata. 1934. Eliz. McLaughlin, Middletown Springs, VT (NNGA 29:37).

Melcher. pecan hybrid. ca. 1932. J. C. Melcher, Fayette Co., TX. 58 nuts/lb, 51 % kernel (Burkett 1932).

Meriden. C. ovata. 1892. A. J. Coe, Meriden, CT (USDA logbook (1892), Heiges 1896).

Milford. C. ovata. 1891. O. C. Cook, Milford, MS. "One of the best" (Heiges 1896 (drawings). (USDA logbook (1891)).

Miller. C. ovata. 1932. D. P. Miller, North Branch, MI. 100 nuts/lb, 49.3 % kernel (NNGA 25:101). (NNGA 29:37, NNGA 66:41).

Minnie. C. ovata. ca. 1924. Snyder farm, Center Point, IA. From a seedling planted in Snyder's yard (NNGA 23:117, NNGA 25:74).

Missouri Giant=Engeman.

Mott. C. laciniosa. ca. 1919. Won "largest nut"; (29.6 g= 15.3 nuts/lb.). (NNGA 10:148,161).

Murdock. C. ovata. 1935. John Murdock, Crown Point, NY. Introduced commercially about 1940. (NNGA 29:37, list 3).

Neilson (Nielson, Woodley). C. ovata. 1932. Named for Jas Neilson, Waterford, Ontario, Canada, by J. H. Corsan (NNGA 29:37, NNGA 60:101 (photo), MacDaniels 1979 (promising)).

Nelson. C. X brownii. J. Steckler Seed Co. MS (Thompson &Young 1985).

Netking. C. ovata. 1934. Walter Netking, Ravenna, OH (NNGA 26:77.

Nieman. C. laciniosa. Recommended (NNGA 74:77). Not filled (NNGA 73:46). (MacDaniels 1979).

North Carolina=C. carolinae­septentrionalis. Common name of hickory species confused as a cultivar name in NNGA index of hickory cultivars.

Norton. C. X nussbaumeri. Kellogg plantings, Battle Creek, MI (NNGA 23:20, NNGA 25:74).

Norwood. C. laciniosa. 1976. W. S. Totten, Alexis, IL. (NNGA 67:69).

Nugget. C. carolinae­septentrionalis. 1942. W. D. Dockery, Steele, AL. Frost damage in NC (NNGA 46:67) (NNGA 34:43).

Nussbaumer (Bixby) C. X nussbaumeri. J. J. Nussbaumer, Fayetteville, IL (Fuller 1884 (drawing)). Sargent (1918) named hybrids of the cross C. illinoinensis X C. laciniosa after the 'Nussbaumer' hybrid, the first of the cross to be described. Clones of the type tree are called 'Nussbaumer'. (Trelease 1896 (drawings)).

Oregon. C. X nussbaumeri. (NNGA 56:117, MacDaniels 1979).

Osborn (Osborn # 4). C. laciniosa. 1928. R. J. Smith. Won "thickest shell" (556 kg force to break). (NNGA 22:48,52).

Peck. C. X laneyi. 1934. Gilbert L. Smith & Sons Nurseries, Millerton, NY. Not commercial due to poor fill, but publicized (NNGA 32:94, list 12).

Perfecta. Carya hybrid. S. Africa. (Thompson & Young 1985).

Peschke. C. ovata. 1929. Grace Peschke, Ripon, WI (NNGA 25:74).

Petty (Patty). C. ovata. 1935. E. F. Huen, Eldora, IA (NNGA 26:62, NNGA 60:51).

Piasan (Piasa, Piasau). C. laciniosa. Godfrey, IL (NNGA 35:117, Fisher 1964).

Pixley. C. illinoinensis X C. ovata. 1962. E. G. Pixley, West Salem, IL. Orig. from pecan seed out of Louisiana. Wood distributed by J. C. McDaniel, Dept. Hort., Univ. IL, Urbana. Protogynous (NNGA 47:130). (list 18).

Platman. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs. R. Platman, Penn Yan, NY (NNGA 29:37).

Pleas. C. X brownii. 1915. Dr. E. Pleas, Claremore OK. 53­56% kernel (NNGA 78:33). Protogynous (NNGA 47:130). Does well north of origin (NNGA 29:37,41). (NNGA 45:71, MacDaniels 1979, Thompson & Young 1985).

Pooshee. C. X brownii. ca 1849. A. W. Ravenel (cemetery), Pinopolis, SC ( Hume 1912).

Porter. C. laciniosa. 1929. Mrs. W. P. Porter, Sledge, MS. Largest nut at 33.2 g, only 16.6 % kernel (NNGA 22:52).

Porter. C. ovata. 1960. Mrs Delmont Williams, Mackeyville PA. Orig. on Ralph R. Porter farm. 46.7 % kernel (NNGA 60:101 (photo), NNGA 65:72, list 15, MacDaniels 1979 (promising), NNGA 74:77).

Porter #1, #2. C. ovata. 1936. Gilbert L. Smith and Wm A. Benton, Wassaic, NY (NNGA 27:23).

Proper. C. ovata. 1938. W. A. Benton, Wassaic, NY (NNGA 29:37).

Radcliff. C. X nussbaumeri. 1954. W. F. Sonneman, Vandalia IL, intro. Louis Gerardi Nursery (list 15).

Redcay (Red Cay)=Landis. C. laciniosa. (Redclay in Millikan 1965, Red Cay in NNGA 73:46).

Renggenberg. C. ovata. 1929. Edward Renggenberg, Madison, WI (NNGA 25:75).

Retzer. C ovata. IL. Good cracking, grows well on pecan root (NNGA 78:33). (NNGA 60:24, MacDaniels 1979).

Reynolds. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs. Willis Reynolds, Blanchester, OH (NNGA 26:77).

Rhinemiller. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs. A. J. Rhinemiller, Huron, OH (NNGA 26:77).

Rice. C. ovata. 1891. J. F. Rice, Berlin Cross Roads, OH (USDA logbook (1891), Heiges 1896 (drawings)).

Ridiker. C. ovata. 1934. F. E. Ridiker, Brunswick, OH (NNGA 26:77, NNGA 37:95).

Rockville. C. X nussbaumeri. 1900. Tree originated in Rockville, MO. Propagated by J. F. Jones Nursery (NNGA 45:70­73, Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979). Obsolete, low bearing (NNGA 35:111).

Roddy. C. X dunbarii. 1929. John Roddy, Napoleon, OH (NNGA 26:77).

Roof. C. X laneyi. IA (MacDaniels 1979).

Romig. C. ovata. 1929. Romig Bros., Downingtown, PA (NNGA 26:77, NNGA 60:100,101, Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979).

Ross. C. laciniosa. From an Illinois tree believed to have been 200 yr old in 1969 (NNGA 60:24). Promising (MacDaniels 1979). Exceptionally good cracking, consistent prod. on orig. tree (NNGA 78:33). (Millikan 1965).
Salisbury. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs. F. A. Salisbury, Phelps, NY (NNGA 29:37).

Sande. C. ovata. 1929. Elmer T. Sande, Story City, IA (NNGA 25:101, NNGA 25:75 (as C. X dunbarii), NNGA 60:51 (as C. X laneyi)).

Sayer. C. laciniosa. 1924. From Des Moines Co., IA (NNGA 25:75).

Schaul (Shaul, Shaull). C. ovata. 1924. Parent tree in Des Moine Co., IA (NNGA 25:75, NNGA 48:61­65, MacDaniels 1979).

Schinnerling (Shinnerling). C. ovata. ca. 1926. Amana, IA (Millikan 1965, Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979, NNGA 17:53, NNGA 65:50,51).

Schneck. C. X schneckii. 1894. Dr. J. Schneck, Lawrenceville, Lawrence Co., IL. Type tree for this family of crosses, named by Sargent (1918) but reported earlier. (Sargent 1895, Trelease 1896 (drawings of foliage).

Scholl (School?). C. laciniosa. OH (NNGA 47:122,127,129,139, MacDaniels 1979). "School" NNGA 78:32.

Shinar. C. ovata. 1891. Samuel C. Moon, Morrisville, PA (USDA logbook (1891) with note "Discarded 7­15­1918, C.A.R."(Reed), Heiges 1896 (drawings)).

Seaver. C. ovata. 1929. J. K. Seaver, Harvard, IL (NNGA 25:75)
Siers. C. tomentosa X C. cordiformis (listed as C. X laneyi in MacDaniels 1979). 1915. I. T. Siers, Lawrenceburg, KY. Introduced by Jones nursery (NNGA 20:27, NNGA 35:109 (photos), Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979).

Silvis 303. C. ovata. OH (NNGA 60:101 (photo), MacDaniels 1979).

Sobolewski. C. ovata. 1929. Joseph Sobolewski, Norwich, CT (NNGA 25:75).

Sprunger. C. ovata. 1929. Caleb Sprunger, Berne, IN (NNGA 25:75).

Stadelbacher. C. ovata. 1935. Leo A. Stadelbacher, Cobden, IL (NNGA 26:62).

Stanley. C. laciniosa. Best shellbark in 1919 (NNGA 10:151). Propagated by Jones Nursery. Protogynous (NNGA 47:130). 30 % kernel (NNGA 22:54).

Stauffer. C. X dunbarii. 1934. Fayette Etter, Franklin Co. PA Promising (MacDaniels 1979). (list 16, NNGA 78:35).

Stephens (Stevens). C. laciniosa. KS. Very large nut; 2 inches long X 1 7/8 inches wide, 5 1/4 inches circumference (NNGA 23:21). Promising (MacDaniels 1979). "Stevens", low yield, not filled (NNGA 74:77). (Millikan 1965).

Stocking. C. X laneyi. 1936. Eugene Stocking, Owosso, MI. (NNGA 29:44, list 20).

Stratford. C. X laneyi. ca. 1926. D. C. Snyder, Linn Co. Nurseries, Center Point, IA. Orig. in Stratford, IA (NNGA 17:53, list 19, Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979, Gibbs 1984 gives tree location).

Strever. C. ovata. 1934. New York (NNGA 29:37, NNGA 46:95).

Super X. C. laciniosa. 1952. Herman Last, Steamboat Rock, IA (NNGA 43:147, MacDaniels 1979).

Swaim. C. ovata. 1912. I. H. Swaim, Maplewood Farm, South Bend, IN. From nut planted in 1860's by J. M. Swaim. 84 nuts/lb, 49.8 % kernel (NNGA 25:102). (NNGA60:51).

Tama Queen. C. laciniosa. Burlington, IA (NNGA 35:94 (photo), Millikan 1965, Fisher 1964).

Taylor. C. ovata. 1903. S. W. Taylor, Stamford, CT. Introduced by Robert Morris (NNGA 5:26, NNGA 29:37, MacDaniels 1979).

Terpenny. C. X laneyi. pre 1919. W. C. Deming, Wilton CT. 52.8 % kernel (NNGA 22:54).
Totten. C. laciniosa. ca. 1930. W. Sherman Totten, Quincy, MO. 16 nuts/lb, 24.9 % kernel (NNGA 66:147). Promising (MacDaniels 1979). (NNGA 67:69, NNGA 78:35).

Triplett. C. ovata. 1914. J. K. Triplett, Valley View Farm, Elkins, WV (NNGA 20:27, MacDaniels 1979).

Underwood=Jay Underwood.

Van Orman. C. ovata. 1935. L. H. MacDaniels, Ithaca, NY (NNGA 26:62).

Vest. C. ovata. pre 1915. Luther W. Vest, Blacksburg, VA. 57.7 % kernel (NNGA 10:151,162, NNGA 15:115, NNGA 60:98).

Wagoner. C. laciniosa. Iowa tree grown by Schlagenbusch Bros. (NNGA 43:146, Millikan 1965).

Walters. C. ovata. (NNGA 78:36).

Wampler. C. laciniosa. 1924. Propagaged by W. C. Reed, Vincennes, IN (NNGA 41:124, Fisher 1964).

Wapello. C. illinoinensis X C. ovata. Possibly named for the town in IA (MacDaniels 1979).

Ward. C. ovata. Center Point, IA (NNGA 35:115,117, NNGA 60:50,51, Fisher 1964).

Warren. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs. J. P. Warren, Burlington, WI (NNGA 29:37).

Watson. C. ovata. 1934. Mrs. M. S. Watson, Newington, NH (NNGA 29:37).

Weese. C. X nussbaumeri. ca. 1965. R. Weese, Mound City, KS. 43.9% kernel, 47.2 nuts/lb in KS contest (NNGA 56:117, MacDaniels 1979).

Weiker. C. X dunbarii. 1903. J. F. Jones Nursery, Lancaster, PA. "Said to have been one of the original forest trees spared when the land was cleared 200 years ago because of the fine nuts it bore" (NNGA 17:53) (NNGA 23:23, MacDaniels 1979).

Weschcke. C. X laneyi. (listed as C. ovata in MacDaniels 1979). 1926. Carl Weschcke, from tree in Fayette, IA. Does not produce pollen (NNGA 39:190­194, Weschcke 1953). Promising (MacDaniels 1979). (NNGA 29:37).
Westbrook. C. X brownii. (from pecan nut) J. S. Westbrook, Mount Olive NC (Hume 1912, MacDaniels 1979).

Westphal. C. ovata. 1935. Otto Westphal, Kendall, WI (NNGA 25:102, list 15).

Whitney. C. ovata. 1934. W. O. Whitney, Berea, OH (NNGA 26:77, NNGA 60:98).

Wilcox. C. ovata. 1934. P. E. Wilcox, Geneva OH. Introduced commercially about 1936 by C. F. Walker, H. L. Jacobs, and W. R. Fickes, Geneva, OH. Bears early (list 12, MacDaniels 1979 (promising), NNGA 26:77, NNGA 60:100,101 (photos)).

Wilson. C. ovata. (MacDaniels 1979).

Woodbourne. C. ovata. 1891. Samuel C. Moon, Morrisville, Pa. (USDA logbook (1891), Heiges 1896 (drawings)).

Wooley. C. laciniosa. (MacDaniels 1979).

Wright (Koon). C. X nussbaumeri. 1929. C. D. Wright, Sumner MO. Introduced by John W. Hershey, Nut Tree Nurseries, Dowington, PA (NNGA 23:20,23, NNGA 26:77, list 14, MacDaniels 1979).

Yoder # 1 (J. Yoder #1). C. ovata. Emmet Yoder, Smithfield, OH. Recommended (NNGA 73:46­47, NNGA 74:77, NNGA 75:19, NNGA 76:32).

Zimmerman. C. X dunbarii. Named for Dr. Zimmerman, Sylvan, Pa. No yield in 8 years (Beltsville planting) (NNGA 48:64) (NNGA 25:76, Fisher 1964, MacDaniels 1979).

Zuercher. C. ovata. 1929. Menno Zuercher, Dalton, OH (NNGA 25:76).


Brooks, R. M. 1964. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 19. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 85:708.

Brooks, R. M. 1965. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 20. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 87:603­604.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1944. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 1. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 45:475.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1947. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 3. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 50:435.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1954. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 9. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 64:539.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1957. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 12. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 70:567.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1958. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 13. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 72:529.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1959. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 14. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 74:771.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1960. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 15. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 76:737­738.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1961. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 16. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 78:630­631.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1962. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 17. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 81:584.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1963. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 18. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 83:871.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1967. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 22. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 91:913­914.

Brooks, R. M. and H. P. Olmo. 1975. Register of new fruit and nut varieties: List 30. HortSci. 10:474.

Burkett, J. H. 1932. The Pecan In Texas. Texas Dept. Agr. Bull. 111, Austin, Texas.
Fisher, H. H. 1964. Hickory varieties. pp 87­89. In: A Survey of Pears, Nuts and Other Fruit Clones in the United States. ARS, USDA, Series ARS 34­37­3.

Fuller, A. S. 1884. American Agriculturist (1884):546.

Fuller, A. S. 1896. The Nut Culturist. Orange Judd Co., NY

Gibbs, H. Ray. 1984. Stratford Hickory. NNGA Newsletter, Fall 1984, p. 9.

Heiges, S. B. 1896. Nut Culture in the United States. Division of Pomology, USDA, Washington D.C., Govt. Printing Office.

Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1943. Notes on the Nomenclature of Carya Nutt. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 29:502.

MacDaniels, L. H. 1979. Hickories. Part II. Chapter 4. pp 35­50. In: Nut Tree Culture in North America, Ed. R. A. Jaynes. The Northern Nut Growers Assoc., Inc.

Milde, M. H., S. L. dePeyster, G. L. Slate and R. A. Jaynes. 1983. Index Annual Reports; Northern Nut Growers Association 1910­1975, volumes 1­66. Northern Nut Growers Assoc. Inc.

Millikan, D. F. 1965. Nut trees for the landscape; the hickories. American Nurseryman (1965):7,79­80.

Nicolson, Dan H. 1988. Committee reports presented to the Nomenclature Section, XIVth International Botanical Congress (Berlin, July 1987). Taxon 37:434­477.

Sargent, Charles Sprague. 1895. Silva of North America. Vol. 7:131­163 (plates).

Sargent, C. S. 1918. Notes on North American trees. II. Carya. Conspectus of the species of the United States. Bot. Gaz. 66:229­258.

Thompson, Tommy E., and Fountain Young. 1985. Pecan Cultivars­ Past and Present. Texas Pecan Growers Association, Inc., College Station, TX.

Trelease, William. 1896. Juglandaceae of the United States. Ann. Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 7:25­46 (plates).

USDA Logbook, 1890­1893. In the collection of the NCGR­Carya.

Weschcke, Carl. 1953. Growing Nuts in the North. Webb Pub. Co., St. Paul, MN.

LJ Grauke , Research Horticulturist & Curator
USDA-ARS Pecan Genetics
Route 2 Box 133
Somerville, TX 77879

tele: 409-272-1402
fax: 409-272-1401

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