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Lupinus texensis (Fabaceae)
A hardy winter annual native to Texas. Adopted as the "State Flower of Texas", this is the most commonly seen variety along roadsides and in uncultivated pastures throughout the state. Flowers are densely arranged on a spike with a characteristic ice white terminal tip. Bluebonnets cannot tolerate poorly drained, clay based soils. Seed planted in poorly drained soils will germinate, but plants will never fully develop. Seedlings will become either stunted or turn yellow and soon die. Prefers a sloped area in light to gravelly, well-drained soil. Requires full sun.
Average planting success with this species: 60%
Height: 1-2 feet
Germination: 15-75 days
Optimum soil temperature for germination: 55F-70F
Sowing depth: 1/8"
Blooming period: March-May
Average seeds per pound: 13,500
Seeding rate: 35 lbs. per acre
1 oz Covers: 78 sq. ft.
Suggested use: Raised flower beds, half wooden barrels, hanging baskets, mixtures, hillsides, roadsides and meadows.
Miscellaneous: Easy to grow from seed providing you do not have an overabundance of rainfall and plant in well-drained soils.