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Cichorium intybus (Asteraceae)
A slender perennial, easily established from seed, producing a deep taproot. A native of Europe, it has escaped from cultivation and naturalized throughout North America. The plant contains a white, milky sap that appears if the stem is broken. Flowers are blue, remaining on the plant for only a single day. Prefers full sun in well-drained soils.
Average planting success with this species: 80%
Height: 2-4 feet
Germination: 7-21 days
Optimum soil temperature for germination: 65F-75F
Sowing depth: 1/16"
Blooming period: May-October
Average seeds per pound: 426,000
Seeding rate: 5 lbs. per acre
1 oz Covers: 545 sq. ft.
Suggested use: Herb gardens, isolated areas.
Miscellaneous: When World War II disrupted shipping, most U.S. "coffee" was produced from chicory. Caffeine-free, it is regaining popularity.