Frank J. Dainello,
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University
Summer Sweet 5244, Gem Dandy, Tri X 313, Carousel, Tri X Palamor, Dillon, Sweet Slice, Crimson Trio
Long seedless: Revolution
Deep, well-drained, light textured soil having a pH range of 5.5 – 8.0. Does not tolerate heavy soils.
OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS
Hot days (80 – 95°F) and warm nights (60 -70°F). Cooler temperatures slow growth and maturity. Cloudy days and frequent rainfall reduces fruit quality.
Transplant production hints:
- Sow 2 – 3 seeds per pellet, pot or cell
- Prior soaking of pellets or potting media suggested.
- Use fungicide treated seed
- Sow seeds approx 0.5″ deep with pointed end up, reduces seed coat clamping around emerging seedlings;
- Cover seeded flats with clear plastic and maintain greenhouse temperature at 85°F for 48 hours.
- Keep flats moist but not wet.
- Remove plastic cover at 10% seedling emergence.
- Reduce greenhouse temperature to 75°F.
- Carefully remove seed coats from cotyledons.
- Thin to one plant per pot, pinching off extra seedlings.
Optimum time: When all danger of frost has passed.
Seedling spacing: 2 – 3 ‘ in-row on 80″ (center to center) beds.
Approximate seed per oz: approx 500.
Rates presented as actual lbs per Acre of N, P2O5 and K2O (base actual rates on soil test analysis).
|Generalized rate lbs/Acre:||80 – 80 – 80|
|N||40 – 80 lbs; 40 – 50 lbs pre-plant + 20 – 30 lbs side-dressed at vining + 20 lbs at flowering in high rainfall areas.|
|P||40 – 80 lbs; banded 2 – 3″ below level of transplant pot, pellet base or root system.|
|K||40 – 80 lbs, if needed applied with pre-plant N|
|Starter solution||approx 8 oz of high phosphate starter solution/plant at field setting|
10 – 15″ per season, steady moisture supply (1 – 2″ at 7 – 14 days).
|Downy mildew||Acrobat, Aliette, Bravo, Gavel, mancozeb, Ridomil Gold Bravo, Ridomil Gold Copper, Ridomil Gold MZ|
|Powdery mildew||Bravo, Cabrio, Flint, Nova, Procure, Quadris|
|Alternaria||Bravo, Cabrio, Flint, mancozeb, Quadris|
|Gummy stem blight||Bravo, Cabrio, Flint, mancozeb, Quadris|
|Fusarium wilt||Long rotations (5 years), resistant varieties|
|Virus||None; manage vectors (Aphids or whitefly) to prevent or delay transmission|
|Nematode||K-Pam, Telone II, Telone C-17, Vydate|
|Cucumber beetle||Asana, Capture, endosulfan, Guthion, permethrin, Sevin|
|Leafminer||Agri-mek, dimethoate, permethrin, Spintor, Vydate|
|Aphid||Actara/Platinum, Admire, endosulfan, Fulfill|
|Whitefly||Actara/Platinum, Admire, Danitol, endosulfan, insecticidal soap, Vydate|
|Pickleworm and melonworm||Asana, Capture, Lannate, permethrin, Spintor|
|Mite||Agri-mek, Capture, Danitol, Kelthane|
|Preplant incorporated||Alanap, Prefar|
|Preemergence||Command, Curbit, Sandea, Strategy|
|Postemergence||Alanap, Dacthal, Poast, Sandea (shielded), Select, Treflan (shielded)|
* NOTE–The above is a partial listing of controls intended as examples. Some labels may have been revoked since the publication of this guide. Refer to product labels for specifics and use accordingly. Failure to do so may result in crop injury, death and/or citation for law violation. Humans, animals and the environment may also be adversely affected by misuse.
|Days after planting||65 – 75|
|Containers||Bulk wagons or pallet boxes|
|Grades||based on diameter size and freedom form blemishes|
|Packaging/handling||4 to 8 / 50 – 60 lb cardboard carton(depending upon fruit size); or, shipped in pallet bin boxes.|
|Anticipated yield||15, 000 to 70, 000 lbs per Acre|
STORAGE / TRANSIT CONDITIONS
50 – 60°F at 80 – 85% RH, can obtain chilling injury at 40°F. Shelf-life 3 – 4 weeks.
- Production of seedless watermelon requires high levels of input, management and grower sophistication. May not be an option for everyone. If grown a production systems approach should be followed (transplant establishment + plastic mulch + drip irrigation + precise water and nutrient application + windbreaks + bees)
- Direct seeded establishment not economically feasible at this time due to seed cost and germination problems.
- To insure sufficient pollination, plant every third bed to a standard diploid melon variety, of a different color or shape than the seedless triploid variety, to serve as the pollinator. Make certain that the outer two beds of the field are planted to the pollinator variety.
- The first fruit set per vine will often contain a few true seeds and many immature editable (white) seed.