Some Trees Recommended For Texas

By Dr. William C. Welch, Landscape Horticulturist
Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas
Scientific Name Common Name Area Best
Adapted For
*
Growth Rate Outstanding
Characteristics
* 1-EAST TEXAS • 2-SOUTH TEXAS • 3-WEST TEXAS • 4-NORTH TEXAS • 5-CENTRAL TEXAS • 6-ADAPTED TO MOST AREAS OF TEXAS

MEDIUM AND LARGE TREES
Betula nigra River Birch 1 Fast Trunks and bark
Carya illinoensis Pecan 6 Medium Fruit and shade
Cedrus deodora Deodar Cedar 6 Medium Color and form
Celtis occidentalis Hackberry 6 Fast Fast shade
Ehretia anacua Anaqua 1,2,3,5 Medium Shade
Firmiana simplex Chinese Parasol 1,2,3,5 Medium Green trunks
Fraxinus velutina Arizona Ash 2,3,5 Fast Fast shade
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo 6 Slow Fall leaf color
Gymnocladus dioica Kentucky Coffee Tree 4,5 Medium Shade
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum 1,2,3,5 Fast Fall leaf color
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip Poplar 1 Fast Fall color, flowers
Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia 1 Slow to Medium Foliage, flowers
Morus alba (male) Fruitless Mulberry 3,5 Fast Fast shade
Pinus elliottii Slash Pine 1 Fast Evergreen
Pinus halepensis Aleppo Pine 1,2,3,5 Medium Evergreen
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine 4 Medium Evergreen
Pinus taeda Loblolly Pine 1 Fast Evergreen
Pinus thunbergii Japanese Black Pine 6 Medium Evergreen
Pinus nigra Austrian Pine 4 Medium Evergreen
Pistacia chinensis Chinese Pistachio 6 Medium Fall leaf color
Platanus occidentalis American Planetree
Sycamore
6 Fast Fast growth,
trunks, rapid growth
Pyrus calleryana Calleryana Pear 6 Medium Spring flowers
Pyrus calleryana bradfordii Bradford Flower Pear 1,3,4,5 Medium Spring flowers,
Fall leaf color
Picea pungens Colorado Blue Spruce 4 Slow Color and form
Quercus virginiana Live Oak 1,2,3,5 Medium Evergreen, dependable
Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak 6 Medium Large acorns
Quercus nigra Water Oak 1 Medium to fast Relatively fast growth
Quercus shumardii Shumard Oak 1,2,5 Medium Fall leaf color
Quercus texana Texas Oak 1,2,3,5 Medium Fall leaf color, form
Sapindus drummondii Soapberry 6 Medium Fall leaf color, fruit
Taxodium distichum Bald Cypress 6 Medium Fine texture,
adaptability
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar Elm 6 Medium Fall color, dependability
Ulmus parvifolia Chinese Elm 6 Medium Shade
* 1-EAST TEXAS • 2-SOUTH TEXAS • 3-WEST TEXAS • 4-NORTH TEXAS • 5-CENTRAL TEXAS • 6-ADAPTED TO MOST AREAS OF TEXAS

SMALLER TREES
Cornus florida Dogwood 1 Medium Flowers, fruit, form
Cercis spp. Redbud 6 Fast Flowers
Chilopsis linearis Desert Willow 2,3,5 Medium Flowers
Chionanthus virginicus Fringe Tree 1 Medium Flowers
Cordia boissieri Wild Olive 2 Medium Flowers
Crataegus spp. Hawthorn 6 Medium Flowers, fruit
Crataegus opaca Mayhaw 1 Medium Flowers, fruit
Diospyros texana Mexican Persimmon 2,3,5 Medium Trunks, evergreen,
foliage
Diospyros khaki Japanese Persimmon 6 Medium Fruit
Eleagnus angustifolia Russian Olive 6 Fast Shade, windbreak
Ilex opaca American Holly 1 Slow Form, fruit, evergreen
Ilex decidua Possumhaw Holly 1,2,3,5 Medium Fruit
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly 6 Medium Fruit, evergreen
Koelreuteria bipinnata Southern Golden Raintree 1,2,5 Fast Flowers, fruit
Koelreuteria paniculata Panicled Golden Raintree 3,4,5 Medium Flowers, fruit
Lagerstroemia fauriei Japanese Crapemyrtle 1,2,5 Medium Trunks, flowers
Lagerstroemia indica Crapemyrtle 6 Medium Flowers
Magnolia soulangeana Japanese Magnolia 1 Medium Flowers
Malus spp. Crabapple 1,3,4,5 Medium Flowers
Olea manzanilla Manzanilla Olive 1,2,3,5 Medium Gray foliage
Parkinsonia aculeata Jerusalem Thorn 1,2,3,5 Fast Flowers, fine texture
Pithecellobium flexicaule Texas Ebony 2 Medium Flowers
Prosopis glandulosa Mesquite 1,2,3,5 Fast Fast growth rate,
form and leaf color
Prunus mexicana Mexican Plum 1,2,3,5 Medium Fragrant flowers, trunks
Prunus persica Flowering Peach 1,3,4,5 Fast Spring flowers
Rhamnus caroliniana Carolina Buckthorn 1,2,5 Medium Fruit, foliage
Sophora secundiflora Texas Mountain Laurel 2,3,5 Fast Evergreen, fragrant flowers
Zizyphus jujuba Chinese Date 6 Medium Fruit
* 1-EAST TEXAS • 2-SOUTH TEXAS • 3-WEST TEXAS • 4-NORTH TEXAS • 5-CENTRAL TEXAS • 6-ADAPTED TO MOST AREAS OF TEXAS


RETURN TO TREES FOR TEXAS LANDSCAPES