Table of Landscape Plants

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Ground Covers

Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
Asparagus, Sprengeri fern Asparagus
densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’
L,M S 1 Root hardy
Algerian Ivy Hedera canariensis All Sh 1 Needs shade & some wind protection
Goats-foot Morning Glory Ipomoea pes-caprae All S 1 Native, excellent dune stabilizer
Trailing Lantana Lantana montevidensis All S 1 Attractive purple flowers, root hardy
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus
quinquefolia
All E 1 Clings to walls, fall color, winter berries
Stonecrop Sedum acre All S 1 Other species such as S. potosinum also good
Asiatic Jasmine Trachelospermum
asiaticum
L,M E 1 Low evergreen ground cover
Confederate Jasmine Trachelospermum
jasminoides
L,M E 1 Fragrant, white spring flowers, evergreen
Wedelia Wedelia trilobata L,M S 1 Perennial with yellow flowers, mowable
Shore, Blue Pacific
Juniper
Juniperus conferta All S 2 Needs good drainage
Lily Turf, Liriope Liriope spicata,
L. muscari
All Sh 2 Needs shade and some wind protection
Japanese, Purpleleaf
Honeysuckle
Lonicera japonica All S 2 Easily grown but can be aggressive
Mondo or Monkey Grass Ophiopogon japonicus All Sh 2 Needs some shade
 


Vines
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus
quinquefolia
All E 1 Clings to walls, fall color, winter berries
Cape Honeysuckle Tecomaria capensis L,M S 1 Bright orange flowers attract hummingbirds
Bougainvillea Bougainvillea
spectabilis
L,M S 2 Top may freeze, many colors
Trumpet Vine Campsis radicans All E 2 Spring & summer orange blooms, rampant growth
English Ivy Hedera helix All Sh 1 Needs shade
Coral Vine Antigonon
leptopus
All S 2 Pink summer bloom, root hardy
Fig Ivy, Creeping Fig Ficus pumila All E 2 Clings to walls
Carolina Jessamine Gelsemium
sempervirens
All E 2 Yellow spring flowers
 


Perennials
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
Yarrow Achillea millefolium All E   Attractive foliage and flowers
Hinkley’s Columbine Aquilegia hinkleyana All Sh   Yellow spring flowers, blue-gray foliage
Southernwood Artemisia abrotanum All S   Green, feathery foliage
Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa All S   Summer yellow/red flowers
Autumn Aster Aster oblongifolius All S   Lavender fall flowers
Canna Canna X generalis All S   Herbaceous, leafy perennial; red, pink, and yellow summer bloom
Shasta Daisy Chrysanthemum maximum All S   White spring flowers
Garden Mum Chrysanthemum morifolium All S   Several colors of fall flowers
Baby Sun Coreopsis Coreopsis grandiflora All S   Yellow/orange summer flowers
Milk and Wine Lilies Crinum hybrids All S   Recurring bloom of pink, white, red flowers from clump of large strap leaves; excellent on coast
Montbretia Crocosmia Pottsii All S   Gladiolus relative; orange-red early summer
Cigar Plant Cuphea micropetala All S   Red/yellow flowers late summer & fall
Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea All S   Purple flowers spring through fall
Perennial Ageratum Eupatorium coelestinum All S   Lavender-blue flowers summer & fall
Indian Blanket Gaillardia spp. All S   Red-yellow blend spring & fall
Gerbera Gerbera spp. All E   Needs good soil preparation, protection from afternoon sun and wind; many colors spring & fall
Byzantine Gladiolus Gladiolus Byzantinus All S   Purple or white spring flowers
Firebush Hamelia patens All S   Very heat tolerant; red flowers summer & fall
Maximilian Sunflower Helianthus maximiliana All S   Yellow flowers late summer & fall
Daylily Hemerocallis All S   Many colors of flowers spring & summer
Spring Star Flower Iphelon uniflorum All S   Blue spring flowers
Louisiana Iris Iris hybrids All S   Rich soil, fall & spring moisture required; several colors of spring flowers
Shrimp Plant Justicia brandegeana All E   Yellow or reddish-brown flowers summer & fall
Trailing Lantana Lantana montevidensis All S   Purple flowers spring & fall
Lantana Lantana spp. All S   Heat and drought tolerant; many colors of flowers spring & fall; attracts butterflies
Red Spider Lily Lycoris radiata All S   Red, white, or yellow flowers in fall
Turk’s Cap Malvaviscus arboreus, M. a. var. Drummondii All E   Red flowers summer & fall; attracts hummingbirds
Peppermint Mentha piperita All Sh   Rich soil and plenty of moisture required
Narcissus Narcissus spp. All S   Small flowered varieties naturalize the best
Oxalis Oxalis crassipes All S   Pink spring & summer flowers
Rock Rose Pavonia lasiopetala All S   Drought resistant; pink spring & fall flowers
Perennial Phlox Phlox paniculata All S   Lavender, pink, or white summer flowers
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana All S   Lavender or white summer & fall flowers
Blue Plumbago Plumbago auriculata All E   Blue flowers summer & fall
Oxblood Lily Rhodophiala bifida All S   Dark red flowers in early fall
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis L,M S   Aromatic foliage, blue flowers summer & fall
Mexican Petunia Ruellia Brittoniana All S   Very drought tolerant; blue-purple flowers spring & fall; invasive
Blue Shade Ruellia sp. All E   Drought tolerant ground cover- blue flowers
Mealy Cup Sage Salvia farinacea All S   Drought tolerant; blue or white flowers spring & fall; ‘Victoria’ dwarf form
Autumn or Cherry Sage Salvia greggii All S   Drought tolerant; white, red, or pink flowers spring & fall
Santolina Santolina sp. All S   Drought tolerant; needs good drainage
Purple Heart Setcreasea pallida All S   Drought & heat tolerant; source of purple foliage
Mexican Marigold Mint, Yerba Anise Tagetes lucida All S   Yellow flowers in fall, aromatic foliage
Common Thyme Thyme vulgaris All S   Evergreen, spreading aromatic herb
Verbena, Sand Verbena Verbena spp. All S   Heat tolerant, spreading plant with range of colors spring & fall
Rain Lily Zephyranthes spp. All S   Summer blooming bulbs of white and pink
 


Shrubs
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
SMALL SHRUBS (1 to 4 feet tall)
Century Plant Agave americana All S 1 Drought tolerant, good as specimen
Pampas Grass Cortaderia selloana All S 1 Easily grow 5 to 7 feet tall
Prickly Pear Opuntia spp. All S 1 Spineless forms most useful
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis L,M S 1 Prostrate and upright forms; can freeze
Yucca (many varieties) Yucca spp. All S 1 Extremely tough; heat, drought, and salt tolerant
Abelia Abelia grandiflora All E 2 Bronze evergreen foliage, white flowers
Agarito Berberis trifoliolata All E 2 Spiny leaves, yellow flowers, red fruit
American Beautyberry Callicarpa americana All E 2 Clusters of purple fruit, attracts birds; best in shade
Sago Palm Cycas revoluta L,M E 2 Slow growing, good as specimen
Coralbean Erythrina herbacea L,M E 2 Attractive spikes of red flowers; perennial upper Gulf coast
Fatsia Fatsia japonica All Sh 2 Needs shade, wind protection
Red Yucca Hesperaloe parvifolia All E 2 Red flowers on tall spikes
St. John’s Wort, Hypericum Hypericum spp. All E 2 Needs some shade, wind protection
Dwarf Yaupon Holly Ilex vomitoria ‘Nana’, ‘Stokes Dwarf’ All E 2 Glossy evergreen foliage
Juniper, many varieties Juniperus chinensis cvs. All S 2 Several forms of tough evergreen shrubs
Oleander Nerium oleander L,M S 2 Drought tolerant summer bloomer, can be used in Zone 1
Indian Hawthorn Raphiolepis indica All E 2 Spring flowering, blue berries in fall; evergreen
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
MEDIUM SHRUBS (6 to 9 feet tall)
Elaeagnus Elaeagnus pungens All S 1 Gray-leaved shrub; small, fragrant flowers
Wax Myrtle Myrica cerifera All S 1 Native to Texas coast
Dwarf Wax Myrtle Myrica pusilla All S 1 Native to Texas coast
Pittosporum Pittosporum tobira L E 1 Glossy foliage, fragrant flowers
Bamboo Bambusa All S 2 Clumping types less aggressive
Bird of Paradise Bush Caesalpinia gilliesii All S 2 Attractive summer red & yellow flowers
Hollywood Twisted Juniper Juniperus chinensis ‘Torulosa’, 'Hollywood’ All S 2 Large, upright evergreen shrub with unsymmetrical growth
Ligustrum, Glossy Privet Ligustrum lucidum All E 2 Large evergreen shrub or small tree
Waxleaf Ligustrum Ligustrum japonicum All E 2 Large evergreen shrub
Oleander Nerium oleander L,M S 2 Drought tolerant summer bloomer, can be used in Zone 1
Texas Sage, Ceniza Leucophyllum spp. All S 2 Needs good drainage
Arborvitae Thuja spp. All S 2 Symmetrical evergreen shrub
Common Myrtle Myrtus communis All S 2 Small leaves, evergreen
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
LARGE SHRUBS (greater than 10 feet tall)
Feijoa or Pineapple Guava Feijoa sellowiana All S 2 Large shrub or small tree
Yaupon Holly Ilex vomitoria All E 2 Large shrub or small tree, glossy evergreen foliage, fall red berries
Oleander Nerium oleander L,M S 2 Drought tolerant summer bloomer, can be used in Zone 1
Japanese Yew Podocarpus macrophylia All E 2 Large, upright evergreen shrub
Arborvitae Thuja spp. All S 2 Symmetrical evergreen shrub
 


Trees
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
SMALL TREES
Huisache Acacia farnesiana All S 2 Yellow spring bloom, thorny
Texas Persimmon Diospyros texana All S 2 Handsome trunks, black fruit on female - good wildlife food
Southern Golden Raintree Koelreuteria bipinnata L,M S 2 Fast growth, handsome fall seed pods
Mulberry Morus alba All S 2 Fast growth, invasive roots
Mesquite Prosopis glandulosa All S 2 Light green, lacy look; takes wind well
Lavender Chaste Tree, Vitex Vitex agnus-castus All S 2 Small tree, lavender bloom in spring
Camphor Tree Cinnamonum camphora L.M S 2 Evergreen
Citrus Citrus spp. L S 2 Cold hardiness varies among types; some types may be grown on the upper & middle coast (e.g., mandarins, tangelos, & kumquats)
Loquat Eriobotrya japonica All S 2 Large leaves, edible fruit
Retama Parkinsonia aculeata All S 2 Makes light shade; yellow flowers
Japanese Black Pine Pinus thunbergia All S 2 Evergreen, interesting form
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
LARGE TREES
Australian Pine Causarina stricta L S 1 Freezes mid-20s
Tamarisk, Salt Cedar Tamarix spp. L,M S 2 Freezes upper teens
Deodar Cedar Cedrus deodar All S 2 Pyramidal form
Arizona Cypress Cupressus glabra All S 2 Evergreen, use for windbreaks
Live Oak Quercus virginiana All S 2 Evergreen, spreading tree
Eucalyptus Eucalyptus spp. L S 2 May freeze, select most hardy spp. (e.g., E. rostrata, camaldulensis, microtheca)
Cottonwood Populus deltoides All S 2 Fast but weak growth; takes wind
Bald Cypress, Montezuma Cypress Taxodium distichum, T. mucronatum All S 2 Deciduous conifer (T. mucronatum tends to stay evergreen L,M); long-lived
 


Palms
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
Palmetto Palm Sabal minor All E 1 Very short, hardy fan palm
Texas Palmetto Sabal texana All S 1 Hardy, very cold tolerant fan palm; slow growing
Cabbage or Florida Palmetto Sabal palmetto All S 1 Hardy, very cold tolerant; slow growing, long-lived fan palm
Washington Fan Palm Washingtonia filifera and hybrids L,M S 1 Fan palm, may freeze; hardier than W. robusta
Pindo Palm Butia capitata All S 2 Slow growing, hardy feather palm
European Fan Palm Chamaerops humilis L,M S 2 Hardy, low, clustering fan palm
Phoenix or Canary, Island Date Palm Phoenix canariensis L,M S 2 Large, slow growing feather palm; may freeze in M
 


Grasses for Lawn & Turf
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
Buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides L,M S   Does best on clay or loamy soil in areas with low rainfall, most drought tolerant
Bermuda grass Cynodon dactylon All S   Common on coast
St. Augustine grass Stenotaphrum secundatum All E   Requires most water to maintain
Zoysia grass Zoysia japonica All E   Slow spreading
Seashore Paspalum, Adalayd Paspalum vaginatum All S   High tolerance to salt
 


Native and Ornamental Grasses
for Rough Areas
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Hardi-
ness
Light Zone Notes
Sea Coast Blue Stem Adropogon scoparius All S 1  
Salt grass Distichlis spicata All S 1  
Lindheimer’s Muhly Grass Muhlenbergia Lindheimeri All S 2  
Sand Knotgrass Paspalum distichum All S 1  
Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum All S 2 Several cultivars, including Purple Fountain Grass
Giant Seaoats Chasmanthium paniculata All S 1 Valuable native, soil/dune stabilizer; ornamental seed heads
Miscanthus ‘Adagio’ Gramineae All S 1  

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