BASILS (Annuals)

BAY LAURES (Perennial)

A marvelous plant that can be grown in a large container. If planted in the ground it could reach a height of 40 ft. but, you can control its height in a pot. It can freeze, most particularly during the extreme low wind chill days. The cold winter winds can be devastating. Plant in a large pot, make it convenient to bring in, in the winter. Place outside in the spring. Fresh bay leaves are hard to beat, especially when used in butters and spreads.

CATNIP (Perennial)

Makes a soothing and sleep-inducing tea. Can be sewn in sachets or pillows to create a "sleep pillow". Cats love it. They will wallow in the bed where it grows. If this bugs you, you can plant some in a hanging basket. It will cascade and have blue blooms, when it matures


CHERVIL - (Annual)

An annual, which likes the cooler weather. Excellent for seasoning egg dishes. Use the delicate white flowers in flower arrangement.

CHIVES - (Perennial)

When trimming tops of chives, cut them about 1/2 inch from the ground. It will then produce new growth. These need to be propagated by root division in about 3 years. A must in every garden.

COMFREY (Perennial)

The Indians refer to this plant as 'boneknit'. It is believed to mend broken bones, relieve sore muscles and stop bleeding, by using it in the form of a compress. It is now used in face creams, which is said to clear certain skin problems, such as acne and brown spots. This plant is propagated from root division (cutting). It can be slightly invasive, but makes a beautiful blue flower that can be used in arrangements.

CONE FLOWER (Echinacea purpurea - Perennial)

Has a beautiful pink daisy like flower-excellent for cutting flower, is a hardy perennial. An extract of the root is believed to enhance the immune system, cleanse the block and slow the aging process. Grows to 3' in height and in full sun to evening shade.

CORIANDER - (Annual)

Also known as Chinese parsley, an annual used in latin dishes such as salsa, can be blended into a pesto for later use for butters, spreads and many other cooked foods. It likes full sun, but does not like the summer heat, which causes it to bolt quickly and go to seed.

CILANTRO - (Annual)

An excellent substitute for Coriander, this tender plant will freeze back, has an excellent flavor and has an even stronger flavor. Keep the prickly green flowers cut off; use the flower spike in stir frying, chopped like a scallion. Grow in full sun to part shade and once established, it's tough.

DILL - (Annual)

Dillweed (the leaves) is a favorite for many dishes. The seeds are used in pickling and vinegars. Cool weather plant. Harvest the outside leaves. Best seeded direct into the soil to prevent early bolting.

FENNEL- (Annual - will winter over if protected - in southern area.)

GARLIC - (Annual)

GERANIUMS - Scented - (Perennial - needs winter protection)

Lemon Rose, Rose, Peppermint, Snowflake, Peach, Apple, Cinnamon, Ginger, Lemon-Lime, Lime, Chocolate and many others. Are used as an excellent addition to cookies, cakes, teas and other desserts, in addition to being used in oils, vinegars and potpourris.

HOREHOUND - (Perennial)

Once used extensively in medicines. Grows to 3'. Is a hardy perennial. Makes a great addition to the herb garden. Used in making of cough drops, cough syrups and candies.

LAMBS EARS - (Perennial)

Grown for an ornamental, a good edging plant for the herb garden, needs part shade.

LAVENDER - (Perennial)

LEMON BALM - (Perennial)

A hardy perennial in our area, can be invasive, but not so much that you can't handle it. It can be considered a friendship plant, as it has so many qualities and uses, anyone would be happy to have a starter plant. It can be propagated from the separation of root system as well. It makes a wonderful tea, is used in many dishes calling for a lemon flavor, such as breads, cookies and others.

LEMON GRASS - (Perennial - must be winter protected)

A relative of the Pampas Grass, not as dangerous to handle, grows to 4 ft. The strongest lemon flavor is in the lower end of the stem (small bulb) section. Makes a great tea, also a substitute for lemon in foods such as sauces and etc., harvest the stem right down to the ground level and chop like a scallion. Grows from full sun to part shade. Produces the most lemon oil that is used in many household products as well as used as a culinary herb. The tops will burn during a freeze, the entire plant needs to be mulched and protected from freezes.

LEMON MINT - (Perennial)

Another great lemon flavor, especially in teas. An annual that will grow to 3 ft. Grow in full sun, very showy

LEMON VERBENA - (Perennial)

The strongest of the lemon herbs, grows to 8 ft. with beautiful lavender flowers. Does best when cut back to control sprawly growth. Is excellent used in teas, dried for later uses in teas, cakes and cookies. Protect from bitter cold winters.

LOVAGE - (Biennial)

A great salad or soup herb. A biennial such as is the parsley, does like a lot of water. Likes sun to part shade. Does need protection in winter months. Used like celery in many dishes.

MARJORAM - (Annual - can winter over in greenhouse)

Sweet - a mild oregano - every cook needs one in their herb bed or window box. Used in many meat and vegetable dishes. Grows from 6-9 inches. Needs full sun and moderate water.

MINT - (Perennial)

Apple, Chocolate, Corsican, ENGLISH, Lemon-Lime, Lime, Orange, Peppermint, Pineapple, Spearmint, and Wintergreen, to name a few. There are many types of mints and many uses. It is invasive, but can be contained by planting in large pots or encircling the desired area with a metal trim placed in the ground, below the root system depth. Likes moist soil and will grow well in sun or shade. Keep the plant well trimmed, and if you remove some of the root growth, replace the soil to keep the plant healthy.

OREGANO - (Perennial)

Italian - Relative to the Marjoram - stronger, used in many dishes - ITALIAN foods - Latin foods and many more. A must. A perennial that needs some protection in winter.

Mexican - Used in the same manner as all other oreganos, especially in Latin foods. A nice plant to put in a large pot, protect from extreme heat and cold.


PATCHOULI (Perennial)

Native to India, great-smelling, tender perennial will not tolerate dry conditions or much cold. Should winter over in greenhouse. Used in cologne and perfumes, the smell is distinctive and very pleasing. Used in sachets or potpourris using the stems, leaves and flowers. Reaches 4 ft.

PENNYROYAL - (Perennial

An excellent flea and mosquito repellent, this is a strong smelling mint, and easily grown as a ground cover. Makes an excellent hanging basket or pot herb, but needs the rootball trimmed back and new soil added several times a year. Planted around pet quarters will repel fleas. Rubbing pest with fresh Pennyroyal works great.

PEPPERS - (Annual)

 Chili, Jalapeno, Serrano and many others are wonderful plants to add to the herb garden, as is one of your important spices to have on hand and used sparingly. Serranos are excellent and a compliment to vinegars.

ROSEMARY - (Perennial)

There are many Rosemarys - the Prostrate which is a low growing, sprawling plant reaching 2-3 ft in height. Growing in large clay pots in our area is recommended, so they may be brought in during freezing weather.

The upright types can get quite large - up to 6-8 ft. and get full when trimmed periodically. Some of the uprights are more cold hardy, such as the Arp. All need some winter protection and do well if planted more in an enclosure and protected from low chill factor. The bitter cold winds do the most damage. An excellent culinary herb, used in many vegetable dishes, teas and baked goods. It is excellent on baked chicken.

Pine Scent Rosemary is an upright type that has a strong pine aroma, is used in many arrangements at yuletime.

RUE - (Perennial)

A hardy perennial growing to 2 ft. bluish gray foliage and yellow button flowers. Used as an insect repellent. Can cause a rash on some people, especially during the sunny part of the day.

SAGE - (Perennial)

SORRELL- Perennial)

A hardy perennial growing to 18" tall in full sun. A great salad herb, has a lemony flavor when using the young leaves raw. The older leaves can be cooked as greens. It is excellent made into a soup.

SWEET ANNIE - (Annual)

Grows to 5 ft., is an excellent dried arrangements, wreaths and in potpourri. Has an excellent aroma. Grows in full sun with moderate water.

TANSY - (Perennial)

Unique for its fern-like foliage and yellow button flowers, which are great for drying. A hardy perennial which grows to 3 ft. Grow in full sun. An excellent flea repellent. Plant near pet areas, works great.

TARRAGON - (Perennial)