Click on image for full screen view.



Chickasaw Plum, Mountain Cherry, Mountain Plum
Prunus angustifolia


Chickasaw plum, which is rarely found growing in the wild in Texas, also grows in Oklahoma, Arkansas and Illinois, east through Louisiana, Florida and New Jersey, and north into Maryland and Delaware. It most often grows in sandy, open woods, roadsides and fencerows, or around older dwellings. It has a number of varieties and forms: it may be a twiggy shrub, forming dense thickets or a short-trunked, irregularly branched tree having slender, zigzag, sometimes spiny stems and prominent orange lenticels on the bark. It has been in cultivation since 1874. Angustifolia refers to its slim 1/3- to 2/3-inch foliage. The 1/2- to 3/4-inch-diameter red or yellow fruits ripen May through July and have a lustrous thin skin and a juicy, subacid, delicious flavor. Native Americans dried the fruits on hot rocks for winter use. It also makes excellent preserves. Chickasaw plum is called mountain plum in some areas. Because it can form large thickets it is sometimes used as shelter belt plantings. In a garden setting it may be used to best advantage under shade trees where one may enjoy the view of its masses of billowy white spring blooms.

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub
small tree

Exposure: sun
partial sun

Flower Color: creamy white

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: red or yellow drupe

Height: 15 to 18 feet

Width: 10 to 20 feet, thicket-forming

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements:

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5

Additional Comments:

| Index of Scientific Names | Index of Common Names | Photo Gallery Index |