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Birchleaf Buckthorn
Frangula betulifolia (Rhamnus betulifolia)


In Texas birchleaf buckthorn may be found infrequently in the moist canyons and upper slopes from 4000 to 7000 feet in the Trans-Pecos. It also occurs in Mexico, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Nevada. This large shrub or small tree is often branched near the base, growing with an upright, rounded form. Its 2-inch to 6-inch-long by 1 1/2 inch wide leaves are bright shiny green above, paler and somewhat hairy beneath. They are browsed by mule deer. The black fruit, which mature from July through October, are a food source for a variety of birds.

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub
small tree

Exposure: sun
partial sun

Flower Color: greenish

Blooming Period: summer

Fruit Characteristics: black or dark purple drupe

Height: 20 feet

Width: 10 to 15 feet

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements:

Soil Requirements: neutral

USDA Hardiness Zone:

Additional Comments:

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