Click on image for full screen view.

Form

Birchleaf Buckthorn
Frangula betulifolia (Rhamnus betulifolia)

Rhamnaceae

In Texas birchleaf buckthorn may be found infrequently in the moist canyons and upper slopes from 4000 to 7000 feet in the Trans-Pecos. It also occurs in Mexico, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Nevada. This large shrub or small tree is often branched near the base, growing with an upright, rounded form. Its 2-inch to 6-inch-long by 1 1/2 inch wide leaves are bright shiny green above, paler and somewhat hairy beneath. They are browsed by mule deer. The black fruit, which mature from July through October, are a food source for a variety of birds.

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub
small tree

Exposure: sun
partial sun

Flower Color: greenish

Blooming Period: summer

Fruit Characteristics: black or dark purple drupe

Height: 20 feet

Width: 10 to 15 feet

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements:

Soil Requirements: neutral
alkaline

USDA Hardiness Zone:

Additional Comments:



| Index of Scientific Names | Index of Common Names | Photo Gallery Index |