Click on image for full screen view.


Foliage/fall color


Wahoo, Eastern Wahoo, Burning-bush, Indian Arrowwood, Spindletree, Bleeding Heart, Arrowwood, Bitter Oak, Strawberry Tree
Euonymus atropurpurea


Wahoo is a multi-trunked shrub or small tree from 12 to 24 feet tall with dark green leaves, spreading branches and delicate purple flowers in late spring or early summer. It grows in limestone soils and stream-bottom woods in North Central and East Texas, and also in the eastern and central U.S. north to New York and Montana. The opposite, ovate to elliptic leaves are 2 to 5 inches long, pale and fuzzy underneath. Its bark is thin, smooth and gray to gray-green, and the eye-catching fruits that develop in September and October are scarlet red capsules that split open to expose the seeds inside, which are a favorite of many birds. Although it is reported that wahoo has been used medicinally, it is also reported to be poisonous. It was first cultivated in 1756.

Plant Habit or Use: medium shrub
large shrub

Exposure: partial sun

Flower Color: dark purple to dark red

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: scarlet four-lobed capsule with brown seeds

Height: 12 to 24 feet

Width: 12 to 24 feet

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements:

Soil Requirements: alkaline

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4

Additional Comments:

| Index of Scientific Names | Index of Common Names | Photo Gallery Index |