Click on image for full screen view.



Desert Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Granjeno Huasteco, Chaparral, Capul, Garabata
Celtis pallida


Desert hackberry is an extremely drought tolerant, spiny, sprawling shrub native to South Texas and the Chihuahuan desert. Its stout thorns, dense branches, and sweet, edible, small orange berries in the fall make it extremely valuable for wildlife food and cover. It is also useful for erosion control, and because of its dense habit it could be useful as a screen, background or informal hedge. The small, inch-long, oval leaves are evergreen to 20 degrees F, and its smooth, gray branches grow in a zigzag pattern. Desert hackberry grows best in full sun and can tolerate varied soils, as long as they are well-drained. Cactus wrens, green jays, coyotes, jackrabbits and many other birds and mammals love the tasty fruit, and white-tailed deer browse the stems and foliage. It is a host to butterfly larvae and is good honey plant as well.

Plant Habit or Use: medium shrub

Exposure: sun
partial sun

Flower Color: greenish yellow

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: one-seeded yellow or orange drupe

Height: 8 to 15 feet

Width: 10 to 18 feet

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements:

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7

Additional Comments:

| Index of Scientific Names | Index of Common Names | Photo Gallery Index |