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| Blue Elder, Blue Elderberry, New Mexico Elder, Blueberry Elder|
Sambucus caerulea (S. glauca)
Blue Elder is extremely rare in Texas, found only at about 7,000 feet and above in the Chisos and Davis mountains in west Texas. It is, however, prevalent in the Rocky Mountains and Pacific Northwest. Blue Elder is a large shrub or small tree reaching about 12 feet. It suckers readily from the base, making it useful for erosion control and problematic in gardens. The sweet fruits are an important food source for birds and other wildlife.
Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree
Flower Color: yellowish white cymes 4 to 6 in. wide
Blooming Period: spring
Fruit Characteristics: blue-black drupes
Height: to 30 ft.
Width: to 20 ft.
Plant Character: deciduous
Heat Tolerance: medium
Water Requirements: medium low
Soil Requirements: alkaline