| Texas Ebony, Ebano, Ebony Blackbeard, Ebony Apes-earring|
Texas ebony is common in the southern tip of Texas, found on sandy to clay loams, clays and thin, hard limestone. It has dense, lustrous, very dark green foliage and zigzag branches with many spines. From June to August it has attractive creamy-yellow flower spikes, which are followed by thick, woody, curved pods 4-6 inches long. It is often a shrub, but can reach 50 feet in woods along the Rio Grande. It is valued as an evergreen shade tree with attractive flowers and fruit in south Texas, but it is not cold-tolerant beyond its native zone 9b range.
Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree
Flower Color: cream or yellow spikes
Blooming Period: summer
Fruit Characteristics: curved pod 4-6 in. long
Height: to 50 ft.
Width: to 40 ft.
Plant Character: semievergreen
Heat Tolerance: very high
Water Requirements: low
Soil Requirements: adaptable