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| Winterberry, Black Alder|
Winterberry got its name from the bright red fruits that cover the limbs all through the winter. It is a small deciduous tree that grows in wet areas in Texas; it wasn't discovered here until 1959, although it is common in the southeast. It is different from other native hollies in that its leaves are large, up to five inches, and its flowers usually have more than five petals and calyx lobes.
Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree
Exposure: sun partial sun
Flower Color: whitish
Blooming Period: spring
Fruit Characteristics: red berry-like drupe
Height: to 15 ft.
Width: 6 to 8 ft.
Plant Character: deciduous
Heat Tolerance: high
Water Requirements: high water or bog
Soil Requirements: acid neutral