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American Elm, White Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Common Elm
Ulmus americana


American Elm is the classic vase-shaped landscape tree, with a beautiful symmetrical crown of spreading branches. Unfortunately, Dutch Elm Disease has taken its toll on the population, although they are still a common sight in some regions of Texas. Their range is throughout east and central Texas, extending somewhat south and westward. American elms are fast-growing, easily transplanted, and will grow in many situations, tolerating wide differences in rainfall, soil, and light conditions. They have shallow roots, which makes it difficult to grow anything underneath them.

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: red-brown

Blooming Period: spring winter

Fruit Characteristics: small winged samaras

Height: 60 to 80 ft., can rarely reach 120 ft.

Width: 50 to 90 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 3

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