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Blue Elder, Blue Elderberry, New Mexico Elder, Blueberry Elder
Sambucus caerulea (S. glauca)


Blue Elder is extremely rare in Texas, found only at about 7,000 feet and above in the Chisos and Davis mountains in west Texas. It is, however, prevalent in the Rocky Mountains and Pacific Northwest. Blue Elder is a large shrub or small tree reaching about 12 feet. It suckers readily from the base, making it useful for erosion control and problematic in gardens. The sweet fruits are an important food source for birds and other wildlife.

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: yellowish white cymes 4 to 6 in. wide

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: blue-black drupes

Height: to 30 ft.

Width: to 20 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: alkaline

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5

Additional Comments:

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