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Fall color


Shumard Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Shumard Oak, Spotted Oak
Quercus shumardii

Fagaceae (black oak group)

Shumard Red Oak is an upright tree which can attain a height of 120 feet. It is found on rich bottomland soils, moist woods and along streams in the eastern third of Texas. It is fast-growing, with an open canopy and stout spreading branches. Leaves are a rich green that turns scarlet in the fall. It grows the tallest on moist, well-drained soils but is also adapted to drier limestone soils and high pH levels. Shumard red oaks are never found in large groves but usually occur singly and far apart. Shumard red oak, Texas Red Oak, Q. texana, and Chisos red oak, Q. gravesii, are all closely related but differ in their ranges.

Plant Habit or Use: large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: brown or greenish, males in catkins

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: acorn, striated, 1 in. long

Height: to 120 feet

Width: 50 to 60 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4

Additional Comments:

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