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Sycamore, American Sycamore, Eastern Sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane Tree, American Plane Tree, Buttonball Tree
Platanus occidentalis


Sycamores are majestic deciduous trees native to bottomland sites in the eastern two-thirds of Texas. They are valued for their large maple-like leaves and massive, platy white, tan, and brown trunks. Sycamores prefer deep, rich and moist soils, although they will tolerate a wide variety of other soil conditions. However, they stress easily in hot dry summers. Although beautiful in their native settings, their use is limited as street trees or in landscapes because of their large size, tendency to drop leaves, twigs, and fruit, and sickliness in poor, dry sites.

Plant Habit or Use: large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: green, inconspicuous

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: ball-like clusters of achenes

Height: to 100 ft. in Texas

Width: 50 to 70 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: high medium

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4

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