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Pinyon, Nut Pine, Colorado Pinyon Pine, Pinyon Pine, New Mexico Pinyon Pine, Two-leaf Pinyon, Two-needle Pinyon
Pinus edulis


Pinyon grows in west Texas only in the Guadalupe mountains and Sierra Diablo, although it is frequent in the West and is the New Mexico state tree. It generally only has two yellowish green needles but can sometimes be found with three or even one; they are thicker than those of Mexican pinyon (P. cembroides). It is smaller than Mexican pinyon, but similar in that it grows on dry, rocky limestone soils and is drought-tolerant. Its large, edible seeds (pinyon nuts) are soft-shelled, although not as thin as Remote Pinyon's (P. remota). They were a staple of the southwestern Indians, and are widely available today in markets. They are also an important food source for wildlife.

Plant Habit or Use: upright conifer small tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: inconspicuous

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: short-stocked cone with large scales

Height: to 40 ft.

Width: to 30 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: low

Soil Requirements: alkaline

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5

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