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Eastern Hop Hornbeam, American Hop Hornbeam, Wooly Hop Hornbeam, Eastern Ironwood, Roughbark Ironwood, Deerwood, Leverwood
Ostrya virginiana


Eastern hop hornbeam is usually an understory tree in the east Texas Pineywoods, found on sandy ridges or flatlands of sandy loam. It is a graceful, tough, single-trunked tree, extremely slow-growing and pest and disease free. Although it is found only on acid soils, it adapts well to alkaline soils when planted in landscapes. It is usually 20 to 30 ft. high, but can grow up to 60 feet. Eastern hop hornbeam often grows with American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), with which it is frequently confused. It is distinguished by its sandpapery leaves and rough peeling bark, vs. the smooth leaves and bark of American hornbeam.

Plant Habit or Use: small tree medium tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: reddish-brown catkins

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: cone-like cluster of small nuts enclosed in bladder-like sacks, resembling hops. Caution! Contains stinging hairs.

Height: to 60 ft.

Width: to 40 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 3

Additional Comments:

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