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Bois d'Arc, Osage Orange, Bodark, Bow Wood, Hedge Apple, Horse Apple, Naranjo Chino, Yellow Wood
Maclura pomifera


The bois d'arc is native to the rich limestone clay soils of the Great Blackland Prairies, where annual rainfall averages 32-35 inches. However, it is very adaptable to poorer soils and lower moisture levels. Its fruit is a large, green ball 4 to 6 inches in diameter with a rough suface, very milky inside. The wood is a characteristic orange, and it is extremely resistant to rot. In French 'bois d'arc' means 'wood of the bow,' and refers to the Osage Indians's use of the arched branches for bow wood.

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: inconspicuous

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: large yellow-green ball 4 to 6 inches in diameter with a rough surface

Height: to 40 ft.

Width: 20 to 40 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high high

Water Requirements: low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5

Additional Comments:

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