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Saffron Plum, Antswood, La Coma, Downward Plum, Milk Buckthorn, Tropical Buckthorn
Bumelia celastrina


Saffron plum is a small, thorny tree or small shrub found on the Rio Grande Plains and southern Gulf Prairies and Marshes, although it adapts to any soil. The flowers appear from May to November, followed by blue-black berries. It is effectively evergreen, with small dark green leaves that persist for at least two years and are usually hairless on the lower surface, differing from other bumelias. The ends of the twigs have long sharp spines. The berries are eaten by many species of birds and mammals. In South Texas it is a good alternative to yaupon holly.

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: white, bell-shaped clusters, fragrant

Blooming Period: summer

Fruit Characteristics: blue-black berries

Height: to 30 ft.

Width: to 20 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 8

Additional Comments:

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