Click on image for full screen view.


Foliage and Flower

Red Buckeye
Aesculus pavia var. pavia


A tall shrub or small tree with a single or multiple stems, red buckeye produces showy clusters of bright red flowers in early to late spring. The palmately compound leaves have 5 leaflets and generally emerge before the flowers. As is true of other buckeyes in Texas, the leaves of red buckeye fall in mid- to late summer. The loss of leaves is usually associated with a disease complex, although it is not necessarily the primary cause. The defoliation is sometimes less severe in the partial shade of the eastern forests. Red buckeye typically grows as an understory tree in the moist, rich, slightly acidic soils of the Pineywoods, but it is found as well on the Post Oak Savannah, Blackland Prairies and Edwards Plateau, where it hybridizes with Aesculus pavia var. flavescens.

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: partial sun shade

Flower Color: red

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: rounded, smooth leathery capsule 1"-2" across with 1 to 2 brown seeds

Height: to 30 ft.

Width: to 30 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: high medium

Soil Requirements: acid adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5

Additional Comments:

Index of Scientific Names | Index of Common Names | Photo Gallery Index