Low Water Use Shrubs

Scientific Name Common Name Hgt Width Evergree or Deciduous Hardy and Notes
           
Acacia berlandieri Guajillo 10 12 Deciduous  
Acacia constricta Whitethorn Acacia 12' 10' Deciduous  
Acacia rigidula Blackbrush Acacia 18' 10' Deciduous  
Aloysia gratissima White Beebrush 8' 5' Deciduous  
Anisacanthus quadrifidus Flame Acanthus 5' 4' Deciduous  
Anisacanthus thurberi Desert honeysuckle 5 4 Deciduous  
Anisacanthus purburlus Pinky 4 3 Deciduous  
Arctostaphylos pungens Manzanita 5' 10' Evergreen  
Artemisia filifolia Sand Sagebrush 6' 5' Evergreen  
Atriplex canescens Four-Wing Saltbush 6' 8' Semi-Evergreen  
Atriplex lentiformis Quail Bush 12' 15' Semi-evergreen  
Baccharis sarothroides (male only) Desert Broom 10' 8' Evergreen  
Berberis haematocarpa Red Barberry 5' 5' Evergreen  
Berberis mentorensis Mentor Barberry 7' 7' Deciduous  
Berberis thunbergii 'atropurpurea' Red-leaf Japanese Barberry 2' 2' Deciduous  
Berberis trifoliolata Algerita/Agarito 8' 6' Evergreen  
Buddleia marrubiifolia Woolly Butterfly Bush 4' 4' Semi-Evergreen  
Caesalpinia gilliesii Desert Bird-of-Paradise 8' 6' Deciduous  
Caesalpinia mexicana Mexican Bird-of-Paradise 10' 6' Deciduous Marginal
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Red Bird-of-Paradise 6' 6' Deciduous Marginal
Calliandra eriophylla Fairy Duster 4' 3' Deciduous  
Cassia nemophila Desert Cassia 6' 6' Evergreen Marginal to 20 degrees
Celtis pallida Desert Hackberry 8' 10' Deciduous  
Ceratoides lanata (Krascheninnikovia l.) Winterfat 3' 2' Evergreen  
Cercocarpus montanus Mountain Mahogany 10' 8' Semi-Evergreen  
Chamaebatiaria millefolium Fernbush 6' 4' Evergreen Not Heat Tolerant
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita 2' 2' Perennial  
Condalia warnocki Javelina Bush 5' 5' Evergreen  
Cordia parvifolia Littleleaf Cordia 6' 8' Semi-Evergreen Marginal
Cowania mexicana Cliffrose 12' 8' Evergreen  
Dalea bicolor var. argeyea Silver Dalea 3' 3' Evergreen  
Dalea bicolor v. bicolor Blue Dalea 6' 5' Evergreen  
Dalea frutescens Black Dalea 3' 5' Deciduous  
Dalea lutea Yellow dalea 3 3 Evergreen Not Cold Hardy
Dalea pulchera Trainling Indigo Bush 4' 5' Evergreen  
Elaeagnus pungens Silver-leaf 10' 10' Evergreen  
Ephedra spp. Joint Fir/Mormon Tea 5' 6' Evergreen  
Ericameria laricifolia Turpentine Bush 3' 2' Evergreen  
Ericameria nauseous (Chrysothamnus n.) Rubber Rabbitbush 6' 6' Semi-Evergreen  
Eriogonum fasciculatum Flattop Buckwheat 1.5' 2' Evergreen  
Eriogonum wrightii Wright's Buckwheat 1.5 2 Evergreen  
Eysenhardtia orthocarpa Arizona Kidneywood 6 6 Deciduous  
Eysenhardtia texana Texas Kidneywood 8' 8' Deciduous  
Fallugia paradoxa Apache Plume 6' 5' Evergreen  
Fendlera rupicola Cliff Fendlerbush 5' 5' Deciduous  
Forestiera pubescens (F. neomexicana) New Mexico Privet 15' 10' Deciduous  
Garrya wrightii   8' 6' Evergreen not available
Lantana camara Bush Lantana 4' 6' Perennial  
Larrea tridentata Creosote Bush 5' 5 Evergreen  
Jefea brevifolia (Zexmenia) Bush Sunflower 2 2 semi-evergreen  
Leucophyllum candidum Silver/Thunder Cloud 4' 4' Evergreen  
Leucophyllum frutescens Various Cultivars 5' 3' Deciduous  
Leucophyllum laevigatum Chihuahuan Rain Sage 5' 5' Evergreen  
Leucophyllum langmaniae Cimarron Sage 5' 5' Evergreen  
Leucophyllum pruinosum Fragrant rain Sage 5' 5' Evergreen  
Leucophyllum revoltum Curl leaf Rain sage 4' 4' Evergreen  
Leucophyllum zygophyllum Blue Ranger 3' 3' Evergreen  
Lycium pallidum Pale Wolfberry 4' 5' Deciduous  
Mimosa dysocarpa Velvetpod Mimosa 5' 5' Deciduous  
Nerium oleander Oleander 15' 10' Evergreen  
Parthenium incanum Mariola 3' 4' Evergreen  
Perovskia atriplicifolia Russian Sage 4' 3' Perennial  
Poliomintha incana Desert Rosemary Mint 3' 4' Semi-Evergreen  
Poliomintha maderensis Mexican Rosemary Mint 4 5 semi-evergreen  
Psorothamnus scoparius Broom Dalea 3' 4' Semi-Evergreen  
Ptelea trifoliolata hopbush 15 10 Deciduous  
Quercus punguns var. vaseyana Sandpaper Oak 8 12 evergreen  
Quercus turbinella Shrub Oak 15' 10' Evergreen  
Rhus aromatica Aromatic Sumac 5' 6' Deciduous  
Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac 10' 10' Deciduous  
Rhus microphylla Littleleaf Sumac 8' 10' Deciduous  
Rhus trilobata Threeleaf Sumac 5' 7' Deciduous  
Rhus virens (Rhus choriophylla) Evergreen Sumac 12' 8' Evergreen  
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary 3' 4' Evergreen  
Salvia chamaedryoides Mexican Blue Sage 2' 3' Semi-Evergreen  
Salvia clevelandii Chaparral Sage 4' 5' Evergreen  
Senna lindheimeriana (Cassia) Velvet-leaf Senna 2' 2' Deciduous  
Senna wislizenii (Cassia) Shrubby Cassia 7' 6' Deciduous Marginal
Sophora affinis Eve's Necklace 15' 10' Deciduous  
Sophora secundiflora Texas Mountain Laurel 15' 10' Evergreen  
Spartium junceum Spanish Broom 8' 5' Evergreen  
Tecoma species Orange Tecoma 10' 6' Deciduous  
Tecoma stans Yellow Bells 6' 4' Deciduous  
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican Buckeye 15' 10' Deciduous  
Vauquelinia corymbosa var. augustifolia Chisos Rosewood 15' 10' Evergreen  
Vauquelinia californica Arizona Rosewood 15' 10' Evergreen  
Vauquelinia corymbosa var. heterodon Narrow leaf Rosewood 15' 10' Evergreen  
Viguiera stenoloba Skeletonleaf Goldeneye 5 5 Semi-Evergreen  
Zizyphus obtusifolia Graythorn 6' 8' Deciduous  

Ornamentals for Far West Texas Index