Non-nutritional stress acclimation of mycorrhizal woody plants exposed to drought

by F.T. Davies, Jr, J.R., S.E. Svenson, J.C. Cole, L. Phavaphutanon, S.A. Duray, V. Olalde-Portugal, C.E. Meier and S.H. Bo

Mycorrhizal enhancement of drought resistance of two woody plant species, loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and rose (Rosa hybrida L. cv. Ferdy), occurred independently of phosphorus nutrition. Mycorrhizae tended to alter root morphology and carbon allocation patterns of shoots and roots. Increased drought resistance of mycorrhizal plants was in part attributed to drought-induced colonization my mycorrhizae and the ability of the mycorrhizal plants to maintain high transpiration rates as a result of greater lateral root formation and lower shoot mass (in ectomycorrhizal loblolly pine), and a higher root/shoot ratio and leaf abscission (in endomycorrhizal roses). Neither the endo- nor ectomycorrhizal symbionts affected osmotic adjustment of droughted plants.

Tree Physiology 16, 985-993