Initiation and Development of Roots in Juvenile and Mature Leaf Bud cuttings of Ficus pumila l.

by Fred T. Davies, Jr., J.E. Lazarte, and J.N. Joiner

Adventitious root formation (ARF) was studied in woody leaf bud cuttings of Ficus pumila L., creeping fig. Juvenile cuttings rooted easily, whereas only mature cuttings treated with indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) attained any rooting success. In the rooting process, both juvenile and mature material exhibited dedifferentiation of phloem ray parenchyma, root initial formation, primordia differentiation, and root elongation. The early stages of adventitious rooting were most critical since few primordia were observed in mature controls. The stages leading up to root primordia differentiation and elongation occurred more rapidly in 1BA-treated juvenile vs. mature cuttings; however, time differences in both types between first observable roots and maximum rooting were comparable. Root primordia differentiated from basal callus of some cuttings, but neither these nor the few primordia in mature contols elongated into well-developed roots. Anatomical differences between the juvenile and mature material did not account for rooting disparity, nor did presence of perivascular fibers, sclereids, and laticifers retard rooting.

Amer. J. Bot. 69(5): 804-811. 1982.