Outstanding Landscape Plants

Plant Adaptation Map

Region 1 - East Texas (Texarkana, Houston,, Tyler, Beaumont, Nacagdoches)

Region 2 - South Texas (Corpus Christi, Brownsville, Laredo, Del Rio)

Region 3 - Central Texas (Austin, Waco, College Station, San Antonio)

Region 4 - North Central Texas (Dallas, Ft. Worth, Denton, Wichita Falls)

Region 5 - Panhandle (Amarillo)

Region 6 - West Texas (El Paso, Lubbock, San Angelo, Midland, Abilene)

Note - Plants with number 7 are adaptable to most areas of Texas.

Table 1. Outstanding grasses for Texas.
Common nameScientific name
Best adapted for
Notes
BermudagrassCynodon dactylon
7
Good drought tolerance; produces dense turf; poor shade tolerance; seed or sod
Buffalograss1Buchloe dactyloides
3, 4, 5, 6
Excellent drought tolerance; produces thin turf; poor shade tolerance; seeded
CarpetgrassAxonopus affinis
1
Adapted to moist sites; tolerates partial shade; many seedheads; thin turf; seed
CentipedegrassEremochloa ophiuroides
1
Low maintenance; tolerates partial shade; drought tolerant; seed or sod
St. Augustinegrass Stenotaphrum secundatum
1, 2, 3, 4
Produces dense turf; good shade tolerance; poor drought tolerance; sodded
Tall fescueFestuca arundinacea
4, 5
Under irrigation, remains green year-round; good shade tolerance; poor drought tolerance; seeded
ZoysiagrassZoysia spp.
7
Produces dense turf; good shade tolerance; good drought tolerance; sodded; varieties: Meyer and Emerald

1 Texas native
Table 2. Outstanding vines and groundcovers for Texas.
Common nameScientific name
Best adapted for
Exposure2
Notes
Vines
Boston ivyParthenocissus tricuspidata
7
E
Deciduous; fall color; clings to walls
BougainvilleaBougainvillea sp.
2
S
Evergreen; many flower colors; plant outdoors in extreme southern Texas only or provide winter protection
Carolina jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; yellow spring flowers
ClematisClematis sp.
5
Sh
Beautiful blooms; deciduous vine
Confederate jasmine Trachelospermum jasminoides
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; fragrant white spring flowers
Coral honeysuckle1 Lonicera sempervirens
7
S
Coral flower in summer
CoralvineAntigonon leptopus
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Pink flowers in late summer and fall
English ivyHedera helix
7
Sh
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage; shade loving
Fig ivyFicus pumila (repens)
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; clings to walls
Improved trumpet vine1 Camsis radicans
7
E
Orange flowers in summer and fall
Lady BanksiaRosa banksia
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Spring flowers in yellow or white
Mermaid roseRosa x bractaeta
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant, pale yellow flowers; vigorous climber; pest resistant
Rosa x fortunianaRosa x fortuniana
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant, white flowers; vigorous climber; pest resistant
Silverlace vinePolygonum aubertii
3, 4, 5, 6
E
Fluffly masses of white flowers
Virginia creeper1Parthenocissus quinquefolia
7
E
Clings to walls; fall color
WisteriaWisteria sp.
7
E
Blue clusters of flowers in spring
Goundcovers

Ajuga


Ajuga reptans

7

Sh

Variety of color foliage and blue flowers; requires well drained soil
Asiatic jasmineTrachelospermum asiaticum
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage
Confederate jasmine Trachelospermum jasminoides
1, 2, 3
E
Evergreen; fragrant, white spring flowers
English ivyHedera helix
7
Sh
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage
LiriopeLiriope muscari
7
E
Evergreen, grass-like foliage; purple blooms; varieties: big blue, gigantic
Monkey grassOphiopogon japonicus
7
E
Evergreen, grass-like foliage; dwarf and standard varieties
Prostrate rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
2
S
Grayish-green, fragrant foliage; light blue flowers
SantolinaSantolina sp.
3, 4, 5, 6
S
Species with green or silver foliage
Trailing juniperJuniperus sp.
3, 4, 5, 6
S
Several varieties available; not suitable for wet, humid areas
VincaVinca major
7
Sh
Blue flowers and dark green foliage

1 Texas native 2 S = Sun; Sh = Full to partial shade; E = Either
Table 3. Outstanding perennials for Texas.
Common nameScientific name
Best adapted for
Expo-

sure2
Flower colorFlowering season
Height
Autumn sage1Salvia greggii
2, 3, 4, 6
S
White, red, pink, salmon Spring to fall
2-3 ft
Baby sun/sunray coreopsis1 Coreopsis grandiflora
7
S
Yellow, orange Late spring, summer
1 ft
Bearded irisIris xiphioides
7
E
Many Spring
1-3 ft
Blue plumbagoPlumbago auriculata
1, 2, 3
E
Blue, whiteSummer, fall
3 ft
Bouncing betSapinaria officinalis
7
E
Pink Summer
1-2 ft
Cigar plantCuphea micropetala
1, 2, 3
E
Red/yellowSummer, fall
3-4 ft
DaylilyHemerocallis sp.
7
S
Many Spring, summer
1-3 ft
FirebushHamelia patens
1, 2, 3
S
Reddish-orangeSummer, fall
3-5 ft
Garden cannaCanna x generalis
7
E
Yellow, red, pink, salmon Summer
2-4 ft
Goldsturm rudbeckia Rudbeckia x goldsturm
7
S
Yellow Summer
2 ft
Hinckley's columbine1 Aquilegia hinckleyana
2, 3, 5
Sh
YellowSpring
18 in
Indian blanket1Gaillardia sp.
7
S
Reddish-yellow Spring to fall
18 in
Lantana1Lantana sp.
1, 2, 3, 6
S
ManySpring to fall
1-2 ft
Louisiana irisIris fulva x Iris giganticaerulea x Iris foliosa
7
E
Many Spring
3 ft
Mealy cup sage1Salvia farinacea
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Blue, white, purpleSpring, summer, fall
3 ft
Mexican oreganaPoliomentha longiflora
1, 2, 3, 6
S
PinkSummer
1-2 ft
Mexican sageSalvia leucantha
2, 3
S
Blue Spring to fall
3-4 ft
Moonbeam/

Zagreb coreopsis1

Coreopsis verticillata
7
S
Yellow, orange Late spring, summer
2-3 ft
Pavonia1Pavonia lasiopetala
1, 2, 3
E
PinkSpring to fall
3-4 ft
Perennial verbena1 Verbena sp.
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
ManySpring to fall
6 in - 1 ft
Pink rain lily1Zephyranthes grandiflora
7
E
Pink Summer
1 ft
Purple coneflower1 Echinacea angustifolia
7
S
Purple Spring to fall
18 in
RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
BlueSummer, fall
1-4 ft
Society garlicTulbaghia violacea
7
E
Lavender Spring to fall
18 in
Sweet violetViola odorata
7
Sh
Purple Winter, spring
6-8 in
White rain lily1Zephyranthes candida
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
WhiteSummer
1 ft
Grasses

Big bluestem1


Andropogon gerardii

7

S

Summer, fall

3-4 ft
Fountain grassPennisetum ruppelii
7
S
Summer
3 ft
Muhly grass1Muehlenbergia lindheimeri
2, 3, 4, 6
S
Summer
3 ft
Pampas grassCortaderia selloana
7
S
Summer, fall
7 ft
Purple autumn grass Miscanthus sinensis
7
S
Summer
3-4 ft
Sideoats gramma1Bouteloua curtipendula
7
S
Summer
2-3 ft

1 Texas native 2 S = Sun; Sh = Full to partial shade; E = Either
Table 4. Outstanding shrubs for Texas.
Common nameScientific name
Best adapted for
Exposure2
Notes
Dwarf Shrubs (1 to 3 feet tall)
Dwarf burford holly Ilex cornuta rotunda burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf Chinese holly Ilex cornuta rotunda
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf pittosporumPittosporum tobira wheeleri
1, 2, 3
E
Small, round evergreen
Dwarf yaupon holly1 Ilex vomitoria nana
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Nandina: harbour dwarf, gulf stream, nana Nandina sp.
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage
Red yucca1Hesperaloe parvifolia
7
S
Red flowers on tall spikes
RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant bluish-green foliage; blue flowers; herb
Small Shrubs (3 to 5 feet tall)
BarberryBerberis thunbergii atropurpurea
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Red evergreen foliage
Bridal wreath spirea Spirea cantoniensis

(S. reevesiana)

7
E
Sprawling; fern-like; white spring blooms
China roseRosa chinensis
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Hardy; long-blooming; pest resistant; varieties: Old Blush (pink) and Cramoisi Superior (red)
Dwarf burford holly Ilex cornuta rotunda burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf palmetto1Sabal minor
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Trunkless, bushy palm
Flowering quinceChaenomeles japonica
7
S
Deciduous shrub; spring blooming (red, pink, white or orange)
Glossy abeliaAbelia grandiflora
7
E
Bronze evergreen foliage and white flowers
Grayleaf cotoneaster Cotoneaster glaucophylla
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Sprawling evergreen shrub; dusty gray foliage
Indian hawthorneRaphiolepis indica
7
E
Spring flowering; blue berries in fall; evergreen
Japanese boxwoodBuxus japonica
7
E
Evergreen foliage
JuniperJuniperus sp.
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Tough, evergreen shrub; many varieties available
Nandina compactNandina domestica compacta
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage and red fall berries
Tea roseRosa odorata
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Hardy; long-blooming; pest resistant; excellent varieties: Mrs. B.R. Cant (rose), Mrs. Dudley Cross (yellow) and Duchesse de Brandant (pink)
Medium Shrubs (6 to 9 feet tall)
Agarita1Mahonia trifoliata
2, 3, 4, 6
S
Holly-like evergreen foliage; yellow spring flowers; red edible berries
AltheaHibiscus syriacas
7
S
Upright; deciduous; many colors; summer blooming
Burford hollyIlex cornuta burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Central Texas sage1 Leucophyllum sp.
2, 3, 4, 6
S
Dusty gray evergreen foliage; blooms throughout summer; several new varieties: Green-cloud (green foliage) and other TAMU releases
Chinese horned holly Ilex cornuta
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
EleagnusEleagnus fruitlandi
7
S
Evergreen with grayish-green foliage
ForsythiaForsythia intermedia spectabilis
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Yellow spring flowers
Fraser photiniaPhotinia x fraseri
7
E
Red new foliage; evergreen
Glossy abeliaAbelia grandiflora
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Bronze evergreen foliage; white or pink flowers
Green pittosporumPittosporum tobira
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Large evergreen shrub
Indian hawthorneRaphiolepis indica
7
E
Spring flowering; blue berries in fall; evergreen
Italian jasmineJasminum humile
7
S
Sprawling evergreen; yellow summer flowers
JuniperJuniperus sp.
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Tough evergreen; many varieties
NandinaNandina domestica
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage; red fall berries
PomegranatePunica granatum
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Large, upright shrub; orange blooms; edible fruit; dwarf variety: Chico
Variegated pittosporum Pittosporum tobira variegata
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Green/white variegated evergreen shrub
Winter honeysuckle Lonicera fragrantissima
7
E
Fragrant clusters of white flowers in winter
Large Shrubs (10 to 25 feet tall)
American holly1Ilex opaca
1
S
Tree-form holly; evergreen foliage; red berries
Arizona cypressCupressus arizonica
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Evergreen for specimen and windbreak plantings
California fan palm Washingtonia filifera
1, 2, 3
S
Tree-like palm
Cherry laurel1Prunus caroliniana
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Tree-like evergreen shrub
Chinese photiniaPhotinia serrulata
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Evergreen; red spring foliage; white spring blooms
Crape myrtleLagerstroemia indica
7
S
Shrubby to tree-like; summer blooming; many flower colors available
LilacSyringa vulgaris
5
S
Deciduous blooming shrub; adapted to alkaline soil
Mock orangePhiladelphus coronarius
1, 5
S
Fragrant white blooms in late spring
OleanderNerium oleander
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Evergreen foliage; summer blooming; many colors available
Possumhaw1Ilex decidua
1, 2, 3, 4
S
Deciduous holly; red to orange berries persist through early winter
Russian oliveEleagnus angustifolia
4, 5, 6
E
Gray foliage; yellow flowers; evergreen for windbreak plantings
Texas mountain laurel1 Sophora secundiflora
2, 3, 6
E
Tree-like evergreen shrub; purple spring flowers
Texas palmetto1Sabal texana
1, 2, 3, 6
S
Tall, native Texas palm
Texas persimmon1Diospyros texana
2, 3, 6
S
Tree-like; light gray trunk; fruit edible by animals
VitexVitex agnus-castus
7
S
Tree-like; flowers blue or white; summer blooming
Washington hawthorn Crataegus phaenopyrum
5
S
Maple-shaped leaves; white flower; red berries
Windmill palmTrachycarpus fortunei
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Tree-like; fibrous bark
Yaupon holly1Ilex vomitoria
7
E
Upright evergreen, spineless holly; red to orange berries

1 Texas native 2 S = Sun; Sh = Full to partial shade; E = Either
Table 5. Outstanding trees for Texas.
Common nameScientific name
Best adapted for
Notes
Small Trees (20 to 35 feet tall)
American plumPrunus americana
5
White blooms in spring; sour fruit good for jelly
Aristocrat pearPyrus calleryana 'Aristocrat'
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
Spring flowers; fall color
Bradford pearPyrus calleryana 'Bradford'
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
Spring flowers; fall color
Canaert redcedar1Juniperus virginiana
7
Evergreen for specimen or windbreak
Chinese pistachePistacia chinensis
7
Spreading canopy; fall color
CrabappleMallus sp.
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
Spring flowering tree; many varieties
Desert willow1Chilopsis linearis
2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Snapdragon-like flowers in summer; willow-like foliage
Dogwood1Cornus florida
1
Graceful tree; large spring blooms of white and pink
Eldarica pinePinus eldarica
2, 3, 4, 6
Best pine for alkaline soils; Christmas tree-shaped
Fan d'Arc osage orange Maclura pomifera 'Fan d'Arc'
7
Improved fruitless selection
Honey mesquite1Prosopis glandulosa
2, 3, 4, 6
Lacy spreading form
Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergii
7
Rounded small tree; adapted to alkaline soils
Japanese persimmon Diospyros kaki
7
Edible showy fruit; glossy green foliage
Mexican plum1Prunus mexicana
7
Fragrant spring flowers; attractive trunk
Nanking cherryPrunus tomentosa
5
Tough, fruiting, shrubby tree
Panicled golden raintree Koelreuteria paniculata
3, 4, 5, 6
Showy flowers and seed pods
Pink lady euonymus Euonymus bungeanus
5
Alkaline-tolerant; deciduous; light green foliage; showy seeds in fall
Redbud1Cercis sp.
7
Spring blooming; excellent varieties: Oklahoma and Forest Pansy
Slash pine1Pinus elliottii
1
Evergreen pine
Soapberry1Sapindus drummondii
7
Fall color
Texas ebony1Pithecellobium flexicaule
2
Airy foliage and flowers
Wild olive1Corida boissieri
2
White flowers and bold foliage
Large Trees (above 35 feet tall)
Austrian black pine Pinus nigra
5
Adapted to wind and cold
Bald cypress1Taxodium distichum
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
Deciduous conifer; fine textured foliage; fall color
Black walnut1Juglans nigra
1, 5
Good tree but tends to be messy
Blue sprucePicea pungens 'Glauca'
5
Grayish-blue needles
Bur oak1Quercus macrocarpa
7
Bold foliage; huge acorns
Cedar elm1Ulmus crassifolia
7
Upright growth habit; good street tree
Chinquapin oak1Quercus muhlenbergii
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
Round-topped tree; bold foliage
Deodar cedarCedrus deodora
7
Bluish-green conifer
Hackberry1Celtis occidentalis
5
Variety 'Shademaster' particularly recommended for area 5
Honey locustGleditsia triacanthos
2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Thornless varieties available
Kentucky coffee tree Gymnocladus dioica
5
Upright tree; fine textured foliage
Lace bark elmUlmus parvifolia
7
Textured bark; spreading shade tree
Live oak1Quercus virginiana
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
Evergreen shade tree
Loblolly pine1Pinus taeda
1
Evergreen pine
Pecan1Carya illinoensis
7
State tree; edible nuts
Ponderosa pinePinus ponderosa
5
Bushy, attractive tree
Shumard oak1Quercus shumardii
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Fall color
Southern magnolia1 Magnolia grandiflora
1
Bold evergreen tree; large white blooms throughout summer
Sweetgum1Liquidamber styraciflua
1
Upright growth habit; fall color
Texas red oak1Quercus texana
7
Fall color
Water oak1Quercus nigra
1
Holds foliage well into winter

1 Texas native