Table 4. Outstanding Shrubs for Texas.

Plant Adaptation Map

Region 1 - East Texas (Texarkana, Houston,, Tyler, Beaumont, Nacagdoches)

Region 2 - South Texas (Corpus Christi, Brownsville, Laredo, Del Rio)

Region 3 - Central Texas (Austin, Waco, College Station, San Antonio)

Region 4 - North Central Texas (Dallas, Ft. Worth, Denton, Wichita Falls)

Region 5 - Panhandle (Amarillo)

Region 6 - West Texas (El Paso, Lubbock, San Angelo, Midland, Abilene)

Note - Plants with number 7 are adaptable to most areas of Texas.

Common nameScientific name Best adapted forExposure2Notes
Dwarf Shrubs (1 to 3 feet tall)
Dwarf burford holly Ilex cornuta rotunda burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf Chinese holly Ilex cornuta rotunda
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf pittosporumPittosporum tobira wheeleri
1, 2, 3
E
Small, round evergreen
Dwarf yaupon holly1 Ilex vomitoria nana
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Nandina: harbour dwarf, gulf stream, nana Nandina sp.
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage
Red yucca1Hesperaloe parvifolia
7
S
Red flowers on tall spikes
RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant bluish-green foliage; blue flowers; herb
Small Shrubs (3 to 5 feet tall)
BarberryBerberis thunbergii atropurpurea
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Red evergreen foliage
Bridal wreath spirea Spirea cantoniensis

(S. reevesiana)

7
E
Sprawling; fern-like; white spring blooms
China roseRosa chinensis
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Hardy; long-blooming; pest resistant; varieties: Old Blush (pink) and Cramoisi Superior (red)
Dwarf burford holly Ilex cornuta rotunda burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf palmetto1Sabal minor
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Trunkless, bushy palm
Flowering quinceChaenomeles japonica
7
S
Deciduous shrub; spring blooming (red, pink, white or orange)
Glossy abeliaAbelia grandiflora
7
E
Bronze evergreen foliage and white flowers
Grayleaf cotoneaster Cotoneaster glaucophylla
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Sprawling evergreen shrub; dusty gray foliage
Indian hawthorneRaphiolepis indica
7
E
Spring flowering; blue berries in fall; evergreen
Japanese boxwoodBuxus japonica
7
E
Evergreen foliage
JuniperJuniperus sp.
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Tough, evergreen shrub; many varieties available
Nandina compactNandina domestica compacta
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage and red fall berries
Tea roseRosa odorata
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Hardy; long-blooming; pest resistant; excellent varieties: Mrs. B.R. Cant (rose), Mrs. Dudley Cross (yellow) and Duchesse de Brandant (pink)
Medium Shrubs (6 to 9 feet tall)
Agarita1Mahonia trifoliata
2, 3, 4, 6
S
Holly-like evergreen foliage; yellow spring flowers; red edible berries
AltheaHibiscus syriacas
7
S
Upright; deciduous; many colors; summer blooming
Burford hollyIlex cornuta burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Central Texas sage1 Leucophyllum sp.
2, 3, 4, 6
S
Dusty gray evergreen foliage; blooms throughout summer; several new varieties: Green-cloud (green foliage) and other TAMU releases
Chinese horned holly Ilex cornuta
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
EleagnusEleagnus fruitlandi
7
S
Evergreen with grayish-green foliage
ForsythiaForsythia intermedia spectabilis
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Yellow spring flowers
Fraser photiniaPhotinia x fraseri
7
E
Red new foliage; evergreen
Glossy abeliaAbelia grandiflora
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Bronze evergreen foliage; white or pink flowers
Green pittosporumPittosporum tobira
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Large evergreen shrub
Indian hawthorneRaphiolepis indica
7
E
Spring flowering; blue berries in fall; evergreen
Italian jasmineJasminum humile
7
S
Sprawling evergreen; yellow summer flowers
JuniperJuniperus sp.
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Tough evergreen; many varieties
NandinaNandina domestica
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage; red fall berries
PomegranatePunica granatum
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Large, upright shrub; orange blooms; edible fruit; dwarf variety: Chico
Variegated pittosporum Pittosporum tobira variegata
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Green/white variegated evergreen shrub
Winter honeysuckle Lonicera fragrantissima
7
E
Fragrant clusters of white flowers in winter
Large Shrubs (10 to 25 feet tall)
American holly1Ilex opaca
1
S
Tree-form holly; evergreen foliage; red berries
Arizona cypressCupressus arizonica
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Evergreen for specimen and windbreak plantings
California fan palm Washingtonia filifera
1, 2, 3
S
Tree-like palm
Cherry laurel1Prunus caroliniana
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Tree-like evergreen shrub
Chinese photiniaPhotinia serrulata
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Evergreen; red spring foliage; white spring blooms
Crape myrtleLagerstroemia indica
7
S
Shrubby to tree-like; summer blooming; many flower colors available
LilacSyringa vulgaris
5
S
Deciduous blooming shrub; adapted to alkaline soil
Mock orangePhiladelphus coronarius
1, 5
S
Fragrant white blooms in late spring
OleanderNerium oleander
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Evergreen foliage; summer blooming; many colors available
Possumhaw1Ilex decidua
1, 2, 3, 4
S
Deciduous holly; red to orange berries persist through early winter
Russian oliveEleagnus angustifolia
4, 5, 6
E
Gray foliage; yellow flowers; evergreen for windbreak plantings
Texas mountain laurel1 Sophora secundiflora
2, 3, 6
E
Tree-like evergreen shrub; purple spring flowers
Texas palmetto1Sabal texana
1, 2, 3, 6
S
Tall, native Texas palm
Texas persimmon1Diospyros texana
2, 3, 6
S
Tree-like; light gray trunk; fruit edible by animals
VitexVitex agnus-castus
7
S
Tree-like; flowers blue or white; summer blooming
Washington hawthorn Crataegus phaenopyrum
5
S
Maple-shaped leaves; white flower; red berries
Windmill palmTrachycarpus fortunei
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Tree-like; fibrous bark
Yaupon holly1Ilex vomitoria
7
E
Upright evergreen, spineless holly; red to orange berries

1 Texas native 2 S = Sun; Sh = Full to partial shade; E = Either