Table 2. Outstanding Vines and Groundcovers for Texas.

Plant Adaptation Map

Region 1 - East Texas (Texarkana, Houston,, Tyler, Beaumont, Nacagdoches)

Region 2 - South Texas (Corpus Christi, Brownsville, Laredo, Del Rio)

Region 3 - Central Texas (Austin, Waco, College Station, San Antonio)

Region 4 - North Central Texas (Dallas, Ft. Worth, Denton, Wichita Falls)

Region 5 - Panhandle (Amarillo)

Region 6 - West Texas (El Paso, Lubbock, San Angelo, Midland, Abilene)

Note - Plants with number 7 are adaptable to most areas of Texas.

Common nameScientific nameBest adapted forExposure2Notes
Vines
Boston ivyParthenocissus tricuspidata
7
E
Deciduous; fall color; clings to walls
BougainvilleaBougainvillea sp.
2
S
Evergreen; many flower colors; plant outdoors in extreme southern Texas only or provide winter protection
Carolina jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; yellow spring flowers
ClematisClematis sp.
5
Sh
Beautiful blooms; deciduous vine
Confederate jasmine Trachelospermum jasminoides
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; fragrant white spring flowers
Coral honeysuckle1 Lonicera sempervirens
7
S
Coral flower in summer
CoralvineAntigonon leptopus
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Pink flowers in late summer and fall
English ivyHedera helix
7
Sh
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage; shade loving
Fig ivyFicus pumila (repens)
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; clings to walls
Improved trumpet vine1 Camsis radicans
7
E
Orange flowers in summer and fall
Lady BanksiaRosa banksia
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Spring flowers in yellow or white
Mermaid roseRosa x bractaeta
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant, pale yellow flowers; vigorous climber; pest resistant
Rosa x fortunianaRosa x fortuniana
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant, white flowers; vigorous climber; pest resistant
Silverlace vinePolygonum aubertii
3, 4, 5, 6
E
Fluffly masses of white flowers
Virginia creeper1Parthenocissus quinquefolia
7
E
Clings to walls; fall color
WisteriaWisteria sp.
7
E
Blue clusters of flowers in spring
Goundcovers

Ajuga


Ajuga reptans

7

Sh

Variety of color foliage and blue flowers; requires well drained soil
Asiatic jasmineTrachelospermum asiaticum
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage
Confederate jasmine Trachelospermum jasminoides
1, 2, 3
E
Evergreen; fragrant, white spring flowers
English ivyHedera helix
7
Sh
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage
LiriopeLiriope muscari
7
E
Evergreen, grass-like foliage; purple blooms; varieties: big blue, gigantic
Monkey grassOphiopogon japonicus
7
E
Evergreen, grass-like foliage; dwarf and standard varieties
Prostrate rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
2
S
Grayish-green, fragrant foliage; light blue flowers
SantolinaSantolina sp.
3, 4, 5, 6
S
Species with green or silver foliage
Trailing juniperJuniperus sp.
3, 4, 5, 6
S
Several varieties available; not suitable for wet, humid areas
VincaVinca major
7
Sh
Blue flowers and dark green foliage

1 Texas native 2 S = Sun; Sh = Full to partial shade; E = Either