Pecan cultivars
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'Surprize' Orig. as chance seedling grafted to 'Pioneer' in 1963 in Baldwin County, AL, in orchard of L. V. Underwood. Scion died and stock grew to "surprise" the orchardist and become the 'Surprize' tree. Discovered in 1968. Seedling grew from unknown seedstock ('Success' suspected based on nut shape; consistent with isozyme genotypes). Tested by Gulf Coast Substation, Fairhope, AL from 1983. Introduced commercially by Dellwood Nursery, Foley AL about 1983. Nut: ovate elliptic, with acute apex and rounded base; flattened in cross section; 31 nuts/lb, 51% kernel; kernels with wide dorsal grooves, concave ventral surface. Initiates growth late, mid Apr. in Fairhope. Protandrous. Moderate precocity, with consistent production on mature trees. Ripens mid- to late-season, about 6 days after 'Stuart'. Good disease resistance in south AL. Recommended for trial planting in AL.

LJ Grauke , Research Horticulturist & Curator
USDA-ARS Pecan Genetics
Route 2 Box 133
Somerville, TX 77879

tele: 409-272-1402
fax: 409-272-1401

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