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'Apalachee' (nut photo) (nuts
in shucks) 'Apalachee' originated from a controlled
cross ('Moore' X 'Schley') made in Brownwood, Texas, in 1948.
It was tested as 1948-13-0311 and released by USDA-ARS in 2009.
Apalachee is being released because of its high nut quality, high
yield potential, and excellent scab disease resistance. Pecans
from this cultivar can be shelled to produce a large proportion
of halves and large pieces. Trees are precocious, beginning to
bear nuts in about 4 years. In a ten-year commercial yield test
near Albany, Georgia, Apalachee averaged 1,600 lbs/acre, with
84 nuts per pound and 54% kernel. Nut: oblong with acute apex
and base; 84 nuts/lb, 54% kernel; kernels cream to golden with
narrow dorsal ridge and narrow dorsal grooves. Apalachee is protandrous,
with early to mid-season pollen shed and mid-season to late receptivity
(similar to Desirable). Apalachee should be well pollenized by,
and a good pollenizer for Choctaw, Kanza, Lakota, Nacono, Hopi,
and Wichita. Time of nut maturity is early to midseason, similar
to Caddo and Barton, and about three weeks after Pawnee. Apalachee
has performed well in tests in Alabama, Georgia, and Texas. Trees
leader structure with
limb angles, with mature
tree form being very similar to the 'Moore' parent. Apalachee
is resistant to scab disease (comparable to Stuart or Caddo) with
medium susceptibility to yellow and black aphids.
Apalachee and the other 27 USDA pecan cultivars are not patented, and can be freely propagated.
LJ Grauke , Research Horticulturist &Curator
USDA-ARS Pecan Genetics
10200 FM 50
Somerville, TX 77879
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