Pecan cultivars
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'Apalachee' (nut photo) (nuts in shucks) 'Apalachee' originated from a controlled cross ('Moore' X 'Schley') made in Brownwood, Texas, in 1948. It was tested as 1948-13-0311 and released by USDA-ARS in 2009. Apalachee is being released because of its high nut quality, high yield potential, and excellent scab disease resistance. Pecans from this cultivar can be shelled to produce a large proportion of halves and large pieces. Trees are precocious, beginning to bear nuts in about 4 years. In a ten-year commercial yield test near Albany, Georgia, Apalachee averaged 1,600 lbs/acre, with 84 nuts per pound and 54% kernel. Nut: oblong with acute apex and base; 84 nuts/lb, 54% kernel; kernels cream to golden with narrow dorsal ridge and narrow dorsal grooves. Apalachee is protandrous, with early to mid-season pollen shed and mid-season to late receptivity (similar to Desirable). Apalachee should be well pollenized by, and a good pollenizer for Choctaw, Kanza, Lakota, Nacono, Hopi, and Wichita. Time of nut maturity is early to midseason, similar to Caddo and Barton, and about three weeks after Pawnee. Apalachee has performed well in tests in Alabama, Georgia, and Texas. Trees develop central leader structure with strong limb angles, with mature tree form being very similar to the 'Moore' parent. Apalachee is resistant to scab disease (comparable to Stuart or Caddo) with medium susceptibility to yellow and black aphids.

Apalachee and the other 27 USDA pecan cultivars are not patented, and can be freely propagated.

LJ Grauke , Research Horticulturist &Curator
USDA-ARS Pecan Genetics
10200 FM 50
Somerville, TX 77879
fax: 979-272-1401

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