Texas Cooperative Extension
Text and images copyright © Richard Duble.
Carpet burweed or lawn burweed (Soliva spp.), a cool season annual
introdunced from South America, has become a nuisance on golf courses, athletic
fields, parks and lawns throughout much of Texas and the Southwest. The
weed becomes a real nuisance when the seed matures in the spring because
the sharply pointed spines on the seed can easily pierce the skin. Burweed
becomes a deterrent to the use of athletic fields, parks and playgrounds
in the spring when the seed mature. On golf courses, burweed invades even
the most closely mowed putting greens as well as fairways, tees and roughs.
Description. Burweed is a small, low-growing annual plant. In an unmowed site, it only reaches 2 inches in height and the individual plants may spread out to about 6 inches in diameter. Leaves are pinnately divided giving the plant a feathery appearance. The seed enclosures are flattened, callous structures terminating in teeth on spines.
Burweed emerges in early fall and matures in the spring. The vegetative part of the plant dries up in May and the seeds remain to germinate the next fall. Populations of the weed may become so high that plants cover the ground like a carpet-thus, the name "carpet burweed." Where grassy weeds such as annual bluegrass are eliminated by the use of preemerge herbicides, populations of burweed increase dramatically in following years.
Control. Like most broadleaf weeds, burweed is easily controlled in the seedling stage with hormone-type herbicides. Products containing 2,4-D, MCPP and dicamba will control burweed in the seedling stage.
Preemerge herbicides are generally not effective for burweed control. In fact, burweed populations increase where preemerge herbicides reduce the competition. Simazine and atrazine are exceptions in that they effectively control burweed.